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An intelligent information forwarder for healthcare big data systems with distributed wearable sensors

Yang, Laurence T.; Jiang, Ping; Winkley, Jonathan; Zhao, Can; Munnoch, Robert; Min, Geyong; Yang, Laurence Tianruo

Authors

Laurence T. Yang

Ping Jiang

Jonathan Winkley

Can Zhao

Robert Munnoch

Geyong Min

Laurence Tianruo Yang

Abstract

© 2016 IEEE. An increasing number of the elderly population wish to live an independent lifestyle, rather than rely on intrusive care programmes. A big data solution is presented using wearable sensors capable of carrying out continuous monitoring of the elderly, alerting the relevant caregivers when necessary and forwarding pertinent information to a big data system for analysis. A challenge for such a solution is the development of context-awareness through the multidimensional, dynamic and nonlinear sensor readings that have a weak correlation with observable human behaviours and health conditions. To address this challenge, a wearable sensor system with an intelligent data forwarder is discussed in this paper. The forwarder adopts a Hidden Markov Model for human behaviour recognition. Locality sensitive hashing is proposed as an efficient mechanism to learn sensor patterns. A prototype solution is implemented to monitor health conditions of dispersed users. It is shown that the intelligent forwarders can provide the remote sensors with context-awareness. They transmit only important information to the big data server for analytics when certain behaviours happen and avoid overwhelming communication and data storage. The system functions unobtrusively, whilst giving the users peace of mind in the knowledge that their safety is being monitored and analysed.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Sep 1, 2016
Journal IEEE systems journal
Print ISSN 1932-8184
Electronic ISSN 1937-9234
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 10
Issue 3
Pages 1147-1159
Institution Citation Jiang, P., Winkley, J., Zhao, C., Munnoch, R., Min, G., & Yang, L. T. (2016). An intelligent information forwarder for healthcare big data systems with distributed wearable sensors. IEEE systems journal, 10(3), 1147-1159. https://doi.org/10.1109/JSYST.2014.2308324
DOI https://doi.org/10.1109/JSYST.2014.2308324
Keywords Ambient assisted living, Behaviour monitoring, Hidden Markov model, Locality sensitive hashing, Wearable sensors, Big data
Publisher URL http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails.jsp?arnumber=6775278
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