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Nurses' experiences of the effects of mindfulness training: A narrative review and qualitative meta-synthesis

Wu, Xiaxin; Hayter, Mark; Lee, Amanda J.; Zhang, Yu


Xiaxin Wu

Mark Hayter

Amanda J. Lee

Yu Zhang


Objective: To explore nurses' experiences of the effects of undertaking mindfulness training. Design: Qualitative meta-synthesis. Data sources: Qualitative literature from seven scientific databases: Pubmed, Cochran Library, Science Direct, EBSCO, Web of Science, Scopus and PsycINFO were searched. Review methods: The PRISMA flow diagram was used to report the phases of the literature search. The Critical Appraisal Skills Program (CASP) qualitative research checklist, and the Mixed-Methods Appraisal Tool (MMAT) for mixed method studies were used as appraisal framework. Data synthesis was conducted using Thematic synthesis. The review steps were guided by Adams, Chamberlain, & Giles, 2019 and Whittemore & Knafl, 2005. Results: 4 qualitative studies and 3 mixed-methods studies were included in the review. Four interpretive themes were generated to show how nurses experience of the effects of mindfulness training: 1. Stress conceptualisation and management; 2. Nurses' valued aspects of mindfulness training strategies; 3. Self-care awareness and strategies; 4. Challenges of mindfulness training. Conclusion: Conducting mindfulness-based interventions among nursing professionals helps to reduce work-related stress and has positive effects on work and life.


Wu, X., Hayter, M., Lee, A. J., & Zhang, Y. (2021). Nurses' experiences of the effects of mindfulness training: A narrative review and qualitative meta-synthesis. Nurse education today, 100, Article 104830.

Journal Article Type Review
Acceptance Date Feb 21, 2021
Online Publication Date Mar 3, 2021
Publication Date 2021-05
Deposit Date Mar 30, 2021
Publicly Available Date Oct 27, 2022
Journal Nurse Education Today
Print ISSN 0260-6917
Electronic ISSN 1532-2793
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 100
Article Number 104830
Keywords Mindfulness; Nurses; Qualitative review
Public URL


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