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Quantitative research

Watson, Roger



This article describes the basic tenets of quantitative research. The concepts of dependent and independent variables are addressed and the concept of measurement and its associated issues, such as error, reliability and validity, are explored. Experiments and surveys – the principal research designs in quantitative research – are described and key features explained. The importance of the double-blind randomised controlled trial is emphasised, alongside the importance of longitudinal surveys, as opposed to cross-sectional surveys. Essential features of data storage are covered, with an emphasis on safe, anonymous storage. Finally, the article explores the analysis of quantitative data, considering what may be analysed and the main uses of statistics in analysis.


Watson, R. (2015). Quantitative research. Nursing standard : official newspaper of the Royal College of Nursing, 29(31), 44-48.

Acceptance Date Feb 25, 2014
Publication Date Apr 1, 2015
Deposit Date Jun 3, 2015
Publicly Available Date Jun 3, 2015
Journal Nursing standard
Print ISSN 0029-6570
Electronic ISSN 2047-9018
Publisher RCN Publishing (RCNi)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 29
Issue 31
Pages 44-48
Keywords Experiments; Measurement; Nursing research; Quantitative research; Reliability; Surveys; Validity
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information Author's accepted manuscript of article published in: Nursing standard, v.29, issue 31


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