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Volcanological evolution of Pantelleria Island (Strait of Sicily) peralkaline volcano: a review

Jordan, Nina J.; White, John C.; Williams, Rebecca; Speranza, Fabio; Rotolo, Silvio G.; Scaillet, Stéphane


Nina J. Jordan

John C. White

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Dr Rebecca Williams
Senior Lecturer; Associate Dean for Student Experience

Fabio Speranza

Silvio G. Rotolo

Stéphane Scaillet


Pantelleria volcano has a particularly intriguing evolutionary history intimately related to the peralkaline composition of its explosively erupted magmas. Due to the stratigraphic complexity, studies over the last two decades have explored either only the pre-Green Tuff ignimbrite volcanism or the post-Green Tuff activity. We here focus on the whole evolutionary history, detailing the achievements since the first pioneering studies, in order to illustrate how the adoption and integration of progressively more accurate methods (40Ar/39Ar, paleomagnetism, petrography, and detailed field study) have provided many important independent answers to unresolved questions. We also discuss rheomorphism, a distinct feature at Pantelleria, at various scales and possible evidence for multiple, now hidden, caldera collapses. Although the evolutionary history of Pantelleria has shown that each ignimbrite event was followed by a period of less intense explosivity (as could be the present-day case), new geochronological and geochemical data may indicate a long-term waning of volcanic activity.


Jordan, N. J., White, J. C., Williams, R., Speranza, F., Rotolo, S. G., & Scaillet, S. (in press). Volcanological evolution of Pantelleria Island (Strait of Sicily) peralkaline volcano: a review. Comptes Rendus GĂ©oscience, 353(S2), 1-22.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 10, 2021
Online Publication Date Mar 31, 2021
Deposit Date Apr 16, 2021
Publicly Available Date Apr 19, 2021
Journal Comptes Rendus - Geoscience
Print ISSN 1631-0713
Electronic ISSN 1778-7025
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 353
Issue S2
Pages 1-22
Keywords Peralkaline volcanism, Ignimbrites, Paleomagnetism, 40Ar/39Ar, Rheomorphism
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Copyright Statement
© Académie des sciences, Paris and the authors, 2021. Some rights reserved. This article is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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