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Synthesis and evaluation of a novel ionophore based on a thiacalix[4]arene derivative bearing imidazole units

Zhao, Jiang Lin; Tomiyasu, Hirotsugu; Ni, Xin-Long; Zeng, Xi; Elsegood, Mark R. J.; Redshaw, Carl; Rahman, Shofiur; Georghiou, Paris E.; Yamato, Takehiko


Jiang Lin Zhao

Hirotsugu Tomiyasu

Xin-Long Ni

Xi Zeng

Mark R. J. Elsegood

Professor Carl Redshaw
Professor of Inorganic Materials Chemistry and REF Lead for Chemistry

Shofiur Rahman

Paris E. Georghiou

Takehiko Yamato


O-Alkylation of the flexible thiacalix[4]arene 1 with 2-chloromethyl-1-methyl-1H-imidazole 2 in the presence of Na₂CO₃ or K₂CO₃ afforded mono-O-alkylation product 3 in 29–51% yield, along with recovery of the starting compound. In contrast, the same reaction in the presence of Cs₂CO₃ gave only one pure stereoisomer, namely 1,3-alternate-4; other possible isomers were not observed. Alkali metal salts such as Na₂CO₃ and Cs₂CO₃ can play an important role in the conformer distribution via a template effect. The conformations of the receptors, mono-O-alkylation product 3 and that of 1,3-alternate-4, have been confirmed by X-ray crystallography. Furthermore, the complexation properties of the receptor 1,3-alternate-4 toward selected alkali/transition metal cations are reported. The two-phase solvent extraction data indicated that 1,3-alternate-4 exhibited a stronger extraction efficiency for transition metals over alkali metals. The dichromate anion extraction ability of 1,3-alternate-4 showed that it could serve as an efficient extractor of HCr₂O₇⁻/Cr₂O₇²⁻ anions at low pH.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Dec 1, 2014
Journal New journal of chemistry
Print ISSN 1144-0546
Electronic ISSN 1369-9261
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 38
Issue 12
Pages 6041-6049
Institution Citation Zhao, J. L., Tomiyasu, H., Ni, X., Zeng, X., Elsegood, M. R. J., Redshaw, C., …Yamato, T. (2014). Synthesis and evaluation of a novel ionophore based on a thiacalix[4]arene derivative bearing imidazole units. New journal of chemistry = Nouveau journal de chimie, 38(12), 6041-6049. doi:10.1039/c4nj01099j
Keywords Novel ionophore; Thiacalix[4]arene derivative; Na₂CO₃; Cs₂CO₃; Calixarene family
Publisher URL!divAbstract
Copyright Statement ©2015 University of Hull
Additional Information Author's accepted manuscript of article published in: New journal of chemistry, 2014, v.38, issue 12 at!divAbstract


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