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Correction to: Evolutionary biomechanics: Hard tissues and soft evidence? (Proc. R. Soc. B (2021) 288 (20202809) DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2020.2809)

Broyde, Sarah; Dempsey, Matthew; Wang, Linjie; Cox, Philip G.; Fagan, Michael; Bates, Karl T.


Sarah Broyde

Matthew Dempsey

Linjie Wang

Philip G. Cox

Michael Fagan

Karl T. Bates


Further analysis of our finite element (FE) models, as part of ongoing work, has revealed a systematic error running through all 30 models in our original analysis. In all 30 FE models, the force magnitudes applied to represent maximum isometric contraction of the temporalis muscle were one-third the correct values. The forces for all other muscles in all 30 FE models were half the correct values. This mistake represents human error in the FE modelling stage rather than errors in the anatomical reconstructions or multi-body dynamics modelling. All other non-FE results (figs 2–4 in the original article) are thus unaffected. Here, we present corrected results to replace the absolute values presented in figure 5 and electronic supplementary material, figure S5 in the original article. As demonstrated below and in the electronic supplementary material, the systematic nature of the error running through all 30 FE models means that only the absolute stress values are affected. The relative values and therefore the comparisons across models and all conclusions drawn from them in our study are not impacted by the error. Corrected versions of the FE models are available from This has also been corrected on the publisher's website. (Figure presented).


Broyde, S., Dempsey, M., Wang, L., Cox, P. G., Fagan, M., & Bates, K. T. (2021). Correction to: Evolutionary biomechanics: Hard tissues and soft evidence? (Proc. R. Soc. B (2021) 288 (20202809) DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2020.2809). Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 288(1950), Article 20202809.

Journal Article Type Erratum
Acceptance Date May 5, 2021
Online Publication Date May 5, 2021
Publication Date May 12, 2021
Deposit Date Apr 1, 2022
Publicly Available Date Oct 27, 2022
Journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Print ISSN 0962-8452
Electronic ISSN 1471-2954
Publisher The Royal Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 288
Issue 1950
Article Number 20202809
Public URL


Published article (654 Kb)

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Copyright Statement
© 2021 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.<br /> Published by the Royal Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, provided the original author and source are credited.


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