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Galactic evolution of rapid neutron capture process abundances: The inhomogeneous approach

Wehmeyer, B.; Pignatari, M.; Thielemann, F.-K.

Authors

B. Wehmeyer

F.-K. Thielemann

Abstract

For the origin of heavy r-process elements, different sources have been proposed, e.g., core-collapse supernovae or neutron star mergers. Old metal-poor stars carry the signature of the astrophysical source(s). Among the elements dominantly made by the r-process, europium (Eu) is relatively easy to observe. In this work we simulate the evolution of europium in our galaxy with the inhomogeneous chemical evolution model ’ICE’, and compare our results with spectroscopic observations. We test the most important parameters affecting the chemical evolution of Eu: (a) for neutron star mergers, the coalescence time scale of the merger (tcoal) and the probability to experience a neutron star merger event after two supernova explosions occurred and formed a double neutron star system (PNSM) and (b) for the sub-class of magneto-rotationally driven supernovae (”Jet-SNe”), their occurrence rate compared to standard supernovae (PJet−SN). We find that the observed [Eu/Fe] pattern in the galaxy can be reproduced by a combination of neutron star mergers and magneto-rotationally driven supernovae as r-process sources. While neutron star mergers alone seem to set in at too high metallicities, Jet-SNe provide a cure for this deficiency at low metallicities. Furthermore, we confirm that local inhomogeneities can explain the observed large spread in the europium abundances at low metallicities. We also predict the evolution of [O/Fe] to test whether the spread in α-elements for inhomogeneous models agrees with observations and whether this provides constraints on supernova explosion models and their nucleosynthesis.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Sep 11, 2015
Journal Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Print ISSN 0035-8711
Electronic ISSN 1365-2966
Publisher Oxford University Press (OUP)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 452
Issue 2
Pages 1970-1981
Institution Citation Wehmeyer, B., Pignatari, M., & Thielemann, F. (2015). Galactic evolution of rapid neutron capture process abundances: The inhomogeneous approach. Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 452(2), 1970-1981. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv1352
DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv1352
Keywords Galaxy : abundances; Galaxy : evolution; Nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances
Publisher URL http://mnras.oxfordjournals.org/content/452/2/1970
Copyright Statement This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2015 the Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Additional Information This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2015 the Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

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Copyright Statement
This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2015 the Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.



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