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The role of sea ports in end-to-end maritime transport chain emissions

Gibbs, David; Rigot-Muller, Patrick; Mangan, John; Lalwani, Chandra


Patrick Rigot-Muller

John Mangan

Chandra Lalwani


This paper's purpose is to investigate the role of sea ports in helping to mitigate the GHG emissions associated with the end-to-end maritime transport chain. The analysis is primarily focused on the UK, but is international in application. The paper is based on both the analysis of secondary data and information on actions taken by ports to reduce their emissions, with the latter data collected for the main UK ports via their published reports and/or via interviews. Only a small number of ports (representing 32% of UK port activity) actually measure and report their carbon emissions in the UK context. The emissions generated by ships calling at these ports are analysed using a method based on Department for Transport Maritime Statistics Data. In addition, a case example (Felixstowe) of emissions associated with HGV movements to and from ports is presented, and data on vessel emissions at berth are also considered. Our analyses indicate that emissions generated by ships during their voyages between ports are of a far greater magnitude than those generated by the port activities. Thus while reducing the ports' own emissions is worthwhile, the results suggest that ports might have more impact through focusing their efforts on reducing shipping emissions.


Gibbs, D., Rigot-Muller, P., Mangan, J., & Lalwani, C. (2014). The role of sea ports in end-to-end maritime transport chain emissions. Energy policy, 64, 337-348.

Acceptance Date Sep 5, 2013
Online Publication Date Oct 21, 2013
Publication Date Jan 1, 2014
Deposit Date Nov 20, 2015
Publicly Available Date Nov 23, 2017
Journal Energy policy
Print ISSN 0301-4215
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 64
Pages 337-348
Keywords Ports; Shipping; GHG
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: The role of sea ports in end-to-end maritime transport chain emissions; Journal Title: Energy Policy; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version:; Content Type: article; Copyright: Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


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