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Integrating methods for ecosystem service assessment and valuation: mixed methods or mixed messages?

Hattam, Caroline; Böhnke-Henrichs, Anne; Börger, Tobias; Burdon, Daryl; Hadjimichael, Maria; Delaney, Alyne; Atkins, Jonathan P.; Garrard, Samantha; Austen, Melanie C.


Caroline Hattam

Anne Böhnke-Henrichs

Tobias Börger

Daryl Burdon

Maria Hadjimichael

Alyne Delaney

Samantha Garrard

Melanie C. Austen


A mixed-method approach was used to assess and value the ecosystem services derived from the Dogger Bank, an extensive shallow sandbank in the southern North Sea. Three parallel studies were undertaken that 1) identified and quantified, where possible, how indicators for ecosystem service provision may change according to two future scenarios, 2) assessed members of the public's willingness-to-pay for improvements to a small number of ecosystem services as a consequence of a hypothetical management plan, and 3) facilitated a process of deliberation that allowed members of the public to explore the uses of the Dogger Bank and the conflicts and dilemmas involved in its management. Each of these studies was designed to answer different and specific research questions and therefore contributes different insights about the ecosystem services delivered by the Dogger Bank. This paper explores what can be gained by bringing these findings together post hoc and the extent to which the different methods are complementary. Findings suggest that mixed-method research brings more understanding than can be gained from the individual approaches alone. Nevertheless, the choice of methods used and how these methods are implemented strongly affects the results obtained.


Hattam, C., Böhnke-Henrichs, A., Börger, T., Burdon, D., Hadjimichael, M., Delaney, A., …Austen, M. C. (2015). Integrating methods for ecosystem service assessment and valuation: mixed methods or mixed messages?. Ecological economics : the journal of the International Society for Ecological Economics, 120, 126-138.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 20, 2015
Publication Date 2015-12
Deposit Date Dec 9, 2015
Publicly Available Date Nov 23, 2017
Journal Ecological economics
Print ISSN 0921-8009
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 120
Pages 126-138
Keywords Ecosystem services, Mixed-methods, Valuation, Complementarity, Dogger Bank
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Integrating methods for ecosystem service assessment and valuation: Mixed methods or mixed messages?; Journal Title: Ecological Economics; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version:; Content Type: article; Copyright: Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


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