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Experiences of African nurses and the perception of their managers in the NHS

Likupe, Gloria


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Dr Gloria Likupe
Lecturer and Researcher in Healthcare/ Chairperson of School Athena Swan group


© 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Aim: This study aims to explore experiences of racism, discrimination and equality of opportunity among black African nurses and their managers' perspective on these issues. Background: International nurse migration has brought increased diversity in the nursing workforce internationally. These nurses have reported negative experiences associated with their integration in host nations. The UK has a long history of international nurse recruitment, which has been associated with experiences of racism and discrimination towards these nurses despite various equality Acts. Experiences of black African nurses and perceptions of their managers are good indicators of how effective these equality Acts have been. Method: A qualitative approach was used to gain an insight into black nurses' experiences and those of their managers in the UK National Health Service. Findings: Nurses and managers reported that black African nurses face racism, discrimination and lack of equal opportunities in the British National Health Service. Conclusion: Racism and discrimination towards black and ethnic minority nurses are present in the National Health Service despite equality Acts. Robust measures to combat racism and discrimination are urgently needed. Implications for nursing management: Managers need to be aware that good policies can be misinterpreted and disadvantage minorities, and should therefore take steps to promote good practice.


Likupe, G. (2015). Experiences of African nurses and the perception of their managers in the NHS. Journal of nursing management, 23(2), 231-241.

Acceptance Date May 8, 2013
Online Publication Date Aug 7, 2013
Publication Date 2015-03
Deposit Date Dec 15, 2015
Publicly Available Date Nov 23, 2017
Journal Journal of nursing management
Print ISSN 0966-0429
Electronic ISSN 1365-2834
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 23
Issue 2
Pages 231-241
Keywords Black African, Overseas, Nurses, Racism, Discrimination, Equal opportunities, NHS, United Kingdom
Public URL
Publisher URL;jsessionid=FE17F124DE5EAB8258EDABA162A97F9E.f03t04
Additional Information "This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Likupe, G. (2015) Experiences of African nurses and the perception of their managers in the NHS in Journal of Nursing Management 23(2) pp.231-241, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving."


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