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New insights on Ba overabundance in open clusters : evidence for the intermediate neutron-capture process at play?

Mishenina, T.; Pignatari, M.; Carraro, G.; Kovtyukh, V.; Monaco, L.; Korotin, S.; Shereta, E.; Yegorova, I.; Herwig, F.


T. Mishenina

M. Pignatari

G. Carraro

V. Kovtyukh

L. Monaco

S. Korotin

E. Shereta

I. Yegorova

F. Herwig


Recently, an increasing number of studies were devoted to measure the abundances of neutron-capture elements heavier than iron in stars belonging to Galactic Open Clusters (OCs). OCs span a sizeable range in metallicity (−0.6 ≤ [Fe/H] ≤ +0.4), and they show abundances of light elements similar to disc stars of the same age. A different pattern is observed for heavy elements. A large scatter is observed for Ba, with most OCs showing [Ba/Fe] and [Ba/La] overabundant with respect to the Sun. The origin of this overabundance is not clearly understood. With the goal of providing new observational insights, we determined radial velocities, atmospheric parameters and chemical composition of 27 giant stars members of five OCs: Cr 110, Cr 261, NGC 2477, NGC 2506 and NGC 5822. We used high-resolution spectra obtained with the UVES spectrograph at European Southern Observatory Paranal. We perform a detailed spectroscopic analysis of these stars to measure the abundance of up to 22 elements per star. We study the dependence of element abundance on metallicity and age with unprecedented detail, complementing our analysis with data culled from the literature. We confirm the trend of Ba overabundance in OCs, and show its large dispersion for clusters younger than ∼4 Gyr. Finally, the implications of our results for stellar nucleosynthesis are discussed. We show in this work that the Ba enrichment compared to other neutron-capture elements in OCs cannot be explained by the contributions from the slow neutron-capture process and the rapid neutron-capture process. Instead, we argue that this anomalous signature can be explained by assuming an additional contribution by the intermediate neutron-capture process.


Mishenina, T., Pignatari, M., Carraro, G., Kovtyukh, V., Monaco, L., Korotin, S., Shereta, E., Yegorova, I., & Herwig, F. (2015). New insights on Ba overabundance in open clusters : evidence for the intermediate neutron-capture process at play?. Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 446(4), 3651-3668.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 11, 2014
Online Publication Date Dec 8, 2014
Publication Date Feb 1, 2015
Deposit Date Jan 4, 2016
Publicly Available Date Nov 23, 2017
Journal Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Print ISSN 0035-8711
Electronic ISSN 1365-2966
Publisher Oxford University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 446
Issue 4
Pages 3651-3668
Keywords Stars: abundances, Stars: late type, Galaxy: disc, Galaxy: evolution
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information Copy of article first published in: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2015, v.446, issue 4 ©: 2014 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Contract Date Nov 23, 2017


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