Introduction: It is important to determine the accuracy of measurements relative to potential treatment effects, with time intervals between tests. Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the error of measurement for blood parameters, physiological, and performance measures after the decay of short-term heat acclimation.
Methods: Ten trained males (Mean±SD: age 28±7 y; body mass 74.6±4.4 kg; 4.26±0.37 L.min-1; peak power output (PPO) 329±42 W) completed an exercising heat stress test (HST) at baseline, 2nd day after acclimation and then during decay at 1, 2, 3 and 5-6 wks. CoV (95% CI), SE (95% CI) and Pearsons (r) were used for analysis of blood volume (blood, plasma, red cell volume, mean hemoglogin mass); plasma (aldosterone, arginine vasopressin [AVP], total protein, albumin, sodium); physiological (rectal temperature, cardiac frequency) and performance (exercise performance capacity, PPO).
Results: The CoV (95% CI), SE (95% CI) and r with a 1-wk interval for blood volume was 2.3% (1.6 to 4.3; 1.9 [1.3 to 3.4 mL.Kg-1]; r=0.93; n=10). After 2-wk and 5-6 wks this had increased to 4.9% (3.4 to 9.3; 3.8 [2.6 to 7.0 mL.Kg-1]; r=0.76; n=9) and 5.5% (3.6 to 12.8; 4.5 [2.9 to 10.0 mL.Kg-1]; r=0.65; n=7) respectively.
Conclusions: Blood volume and physiological measures demonstrated the least error one week apart but increased thereafter. Plasma concentrations and performance markers had the greatest error with repeat measures after one week. Therefore, for greater reliability and low measurement error measures should be taken no more than one week a part in repeated experimentation.
Garrett, A. T., Rehrer, N. J., Patterson, M. J., Simpson, A. J., & Cotter, J. D. (2022). Errors of measurement for blood parameters, physiological and performance measures after the decay of short-term heat acclimation. Journal of Human Performance in Extreme Environments, 17(1), Article 5. https://doi.org/10.7771/2327-2937.1140