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Exploring sustainable product development processes for a circular economy through morphological analysis

Diaz Tena, Anna; Schoeggl, Josef-Peter; Reyes, Tatiana; Baumgartner, Rupert J.


Anna Diaz Tena

Josef-Peter Schoeggl

Tatiana Reyes

Rupert J. Baumgartner


Claire Lea
Project Manager


Over the last years, academic literature has made significant progress on the development of key concepts, identifying circular product typologies, developing assessment methods, and exploring the synergies with manufacturing trends such as digitalisation or environmental management. Nevertheless, less attention has been paid on describing process model changes necessary for the implementation of circular product development. For this reason, this paper presents the circular Sustainable Product Development (cSPD) morphological field, aimed at providing implementation guidance to business and industry. It describes possible reconfigurations of the Sustainable Product Development (SPD) process model to further integrate circularity R-strategies, design scopes, design guidelines, inter- and intra-organisational actors and criteria for evaluation. With this framework, we intend to identify the most defining parameters in the process model and assign them a discrete number of categorical values so that different combinations explain the generation of prevalent circular product typologies in the manufacturing of durable goods.


Diaz Tena, A., Schoeggl, J., Reyes, T., & Baumgartner, R. J. (2021). Exploring sustainable product development processes for a circular economy through morphological analysis. Proceedings of the Design Society, 1, 1491-1500.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 27, 2021
Online Publication Date Jul 27, 2021
Publication Date 2021-08
Deposit Date Jan 13, 2022
Publicly Available Date Jan 24, 2022
Journal Proceedings of the Design Society
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 1
Pages 1491-1500
Keywords Circular economy; Organisation of product development; Sustainability; Decision making
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Published article (736 Kb)

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Copyright Statement
Copyright © The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press.<br /> This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives licence (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is unaltered and is properly cited. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use or in order to create a derivative work.

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