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Co‐development of a framework for circular economy assessment in organisations: Learnings from the public sector

Droege, Hinrika; Raggi, Andrea; Ramos, Tomás B.


Hinrika Droege

Andrea Raggi

Tomás B. Ramos


Claire Lea
Project Manager


To seize the potential of Circular Economy (CE) organisations need to evaluate and communicate their progress moving away from the non-sustainable paradigm of ‘take-make-dispose’ towards circularity. Existing CE assessments for organisations focus on companies. Although the need for CE assessment is recognised in both public and private sectors, little progress has been made towards developing an approach for public sector organisations. CE assessment in public sector organisations is particularly important due to their role model, agenda setting and economic function. Therefore, this article co-develops a CE assessment framework for public sector organisations. Portuguese public sector organisations were involved as a participatory case study. The result is a framework that covers the following components: (i) a system definition; (ii) a definition of 35 CE assessment elements; (iii) CE assessment targets; and (iv) CE indicators. The framework contributes to the understanding of circularity from a public sector perspective considering three key aspects: resources, operations and processes as well as social and employee related activities. Implications for CE assessments in the public and private sector encompass the importance for an early involvement of stakeholders to get a sector specific perspective, the need to address user-friendliness and the requirement for continuous testing of CE assessments.


Droege, H., Raggi, A., & Ramos, T. B. (2021). Co‐development of a framework for circular economy assessment in organisations: Learnings from the public sector. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 28(6), 1715-1729.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 6, 2021
Online Publication Date Mar 30, 2021
Publication Date 2021-11
Deposit Date Jan 13, 2022
Publicly Available Date Oct 27, 2022
Journal Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management
Print ISSN 1535-3958
Electronic ISSN 1535-3966
Publisher ERP Environment
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 28
Issue 6
Pages 1715-1729
Keywords Assessment; Circular economy; Indicators; Public administration; Stakeholder engagement; Sustainable development
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Copyright Statement
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.© 2021 The Authors.Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management published by ERP Environment and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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