Children's perceptions of dangerous substances
Pfeffer, K.; Wilson, B.
Mrs Benita Wilson B.D.Wilson@hull.ac.uk
Lecturer / Module Leader
The aim of this research was to examine age differences in children's perceptions of dangerous substances. Children's responses to photographs of child models encountering alcohol, a syringe, medicine, glue, and household bleach were coded for recognition of substance, awareness of potential danger, and understanding of danger or harm. Responses from 59 children (28 girls and 31 boys, who were all children of the required age in an urban primary school) were compared across three age groups (6-7 years, 8-9 years, and 10-11 years). 15 to 18 of 20 children in each of three age groups recognised all the dangerous substances. Significant differences across age groups were found for awareness of the potential harm from alcohol, glue, and medicine, but not for the syringe or bleach. Children reported less serious consequences from ingesting alcohol than other substances, the consequences of sniffing glue tended to be confused with the sticking properties of glue, children's understanding of transmission of germs, disease, and AIDS through syringes was varied, and there was a tendency among the older children to underestimate the potential harm of self-administration of medicines. Findings were discussed in relation to children's concepts of danger and safety education.
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Publication Date||Apr 1, 2004|
|Journal||PERCEPTUAL AND MOTOR SKILLS|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|APA6 Citation||Pfeffer, K., & Wilson, B. (2004). Children's perceptions of dangerous substances. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 98(2), 700-710. doi:10.2466/pms.98.2.700-710|
|Keywords||Experimental and Cognitive Psychology; Sensory Systems|
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