University of Hull logo

Risk modelling study for carotid endarterectomy

Abidia, A. F.; Wilkinson, A. R.; Johnson, B. F.; Gardiner, E. D.; Kuhan, G.; McCollum, P. T.; Renwick, P. M.; Chetter, I. C.

Authors

G. Kuhan

A. F. Abidia

I. C. Chetter I.Chetter@hull.ac.uk

P. M. Renwick

B. F. Johnson

Dr Antony Wilkinson A.J.Wilkinson@hull.ac.uk
Lecturer/ Programme Director for Electronic, and Electrical & Electronic Engineering Programmes

P. T. McCollum

Abstract

Background: The aims of this study were to identify factors that influence the risk of stroke or death following carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and to develop a model to aid in comparative audit of vascular surgeons and units. Methods: A series of 839 CEAs performed by four vascular surgeons between 1992 and 1999 was analysed. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to model the effect of 15 possible risk factors on the 30-day risk of stroke or death. Outcome was compared for four surgeons and two units after adjustment for the significant risk factors. Results: The overall 30-day stroke or death rate was 3.9 per cent (29 of 741). Heart disease, diabetes and stroke were significant risk factors. The 30-day predicted stroke or death rates increased with increasing risk scores. The observed 30-day stroke or death rate was 3.9 per cent for both vascular units and varied from 3.0 to 4.2 per cent for the four vascular surgeons. Differences in the outcomes between the surgeons and vascular units did not reach statistical significance after risk adjustment. Conclusion: Diabetes, heart disease and stroke are significant risk factors for stroke or death following CEA. The risk score model identified patients at higher risk and aided in comparative audit.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2001-12
Journal BRITISH JOURNAL OF SURGERY
Print ISSN 0007-1323
Electronic ISSN 1365-2168
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 88
Issue 12
Pages 1590-1594
DOI https://doi.org/10.1046/j.0007-1323.2001.01938.x
Keywords Surgery