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Influence of exogenous tissue factor on estrogen receptor α expression in breast cancer cells: Involvement of β1-integrin, PAR2, and mitogen-activated protein kinase activation

Collier, Mary E. W.; Li, Chao; Ettelaie, Camille

Authors

Mary E. W. Collier M.Collier@hull.ac.uk

Chao Li

Camille Ettelaie C.Ettelaie@hull.ac.uk



Abstract

Increased expression of tissue factor (TF) has been associated with invasive forms of breast cancer. Conversely, the loss of estrogen receptor α (ERα) is associated with increased cell invasiveness. We have examined the influence of exogenous truncated recombinant TF (rTF) on ERα expression and cell invasiveness and investigated the mechanism of rTF signaling. The influence of rTF on ERA expression in MCF-7 and T47D cell lines was investigated using reverse transcription-PCR and ELISA. Cell invasion was measured using Boyden chamber-based invasion assays. Additionally, the interaction of fluorescein-labeled rTF with the surface of MCF-7 cells and particularly with β 1 -integrin was examined. Treatment of cells with rTF resulted in the downregulation of ERA mRNA and protein over 24 h, which required β1-integrin and involved the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway but did not require PAR2 activation. The addition of rTF reduced estradiol-mediated cell proliferation as well as increased cell invasiveness requiring both PAR2 and β 1 -integrin activation. Fluorescein-labeled rTF was shown to bind to the surface of MCF-7 cells within 5 min and peaked at 15 min. The bound rTF colocalized with cellular β 1 -integrin and was disrupted in the presence of excess unlabeled rTF andan anti-β 1 polyclonal antibody. Finally, affinity purification of β 1 -integrin using rTF-conjugated agarose showed a requirement for the presence of divalent cations but not factor VIIa. The results indicate that rTF is capable of down-regulating ERA expression in breast cancer cells, resulting in decreases in estrogen-mediated cell proliferation and increased invasiven ess. Furthermore, the mechanisms by which rTF induces these changes involve both PAR2 and β 1 - integrin. Copyright © 2008 American Association for Cancer Research.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Dec 1, 2008
Journal MOLECULAR CANCER RESEARCH
Print ISSN 1541-7786
Electronic ISSN 1557-3125
Publisher American Association for Cancer Research
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 6
Issue 12
Pages 1807-1818
APA6 Citation Collier, M. E. W., Li, C., & Ettelaie, C. (2008). Influence of exogenous tissue factor on estrogen receptor α expression in breast cancer cells: Involvement of β1-integrin, PAR2, and mitogen-activated protein kinase activation. Molecular cancer research, 6(12), 1807-1818. doi:10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-08-0109
DOI https://doi.org/10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-08-0109
Keywords Cancer Research; Oncology; Molecular Biology
Publisher URL http://mcr.aacrjournals.org/content/6/12/1807.long

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