Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Fire and quake in the construction of Old Manila

Bankoff, Greg


Greg Bankoff


Manila, was one of the grandest early modern European cities in Asia, yet it was destroyed by fire and earthquake on numerous occasions. Over successive reconstructions, it evolved a style of architecture and urban planning that reconciled alien notions about space and place to local environmental realities. The city that materialised over the ensuing centuries was neither wholly European nor Asian, but a rich fusion of the two whose form and substance was ultimately determined by the twin threats of conflagration and seismic activity.


Bankoff, G. (2006). Fire and quake in the construction of Old Manila. Medieval History Journal, 10(1-2), 411-427.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 31, 2007
Online Publication Date Oct 12, 2016
Publication Date 2006-10
Deposit Date Jul 13, 2018
Print ISSN 0971-9458
Electronic ISSN 0973-0753
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 10
Issue 1-2
Pages 411-427
Public URL
Publisher URL