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γ-Secretase-dependent cleavage of amyloid precursor protein regulates osteoblast behavior

McLeod, Jane; Curtis, Neil; Lewis, Huw D.; Good, Mark A.; Fagan, Michael J.; Genever, Paul G.

Authors

Jane McLeod

Neil Curtis

Huw D. Lewis

Mark A. Good

Paul G. Genever



Abstract

gamma-Secretase cleaves amyloid precursor protein (APP) to generate amyloid-beta (A beta) peptides, which aggregate in the brain in Alzheimer's disease (AD). gamma-Secretase also cleaves molecules that regulate osteoblast activity, such as Notch and ephrinB2. However, the role of APP in bone is unknown. In this study, the expression, cleavage, and function of APP were investigated during osteogenesis in vitro and in vivo. Expression of all gamma-secretase subunits was confirmed in human primary osteoprogenitors cells, and a significant increase in enzyme activity was observed during osteogenic differentiation using a specific fluorimetric assay. Application of selective inhibitors confirmed gamma-secretase-dependent cleavage of APP within osteogenic cells, and secretion of A beta by mature osteoblasts was demonstrated with the use of a chemiluminescent immunoassay. Osteoprogenitors showed a selective and significant increase in adhesion to extracellular matrices containing aged A beta plaques compared with nonaged A beta peptide controls. A beta on the endosteal and periosteal surfaces of adult rat ulnae were identified by immunohistochemistry. MicroCT analysis of vertebrae from an AD mouse model, Tg2576, identified a decrease in bone volume, surface area, and thickness compared with wild-type controls. These findings indicate that APP functions as a novel regulator of osteoblast activity and suggest that the mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of AD may also influence bone.-McLeod, J., Curtis, N., Lewis, H. D., Good, M. A., Fagan, M. J., Genever, P. G. gamma-Secretase-dependent cleavage of amyloid precursor protein regulates osteoblast behavior. FASEB J. 23, 2942- 2955 (2009). www.fasebj.org

Citation

McLeod, J., Curtis, N., Lewis, H. D., Good, M. A., Fagan, M. J., & Genever, P. G. (2009). γ-Secretase-dependent cleavage of amyloid precursor protein regulates osteoblast behavior. FASEB Journal, 23(9), 2942-2955. https://doi.org/10.1096/fj.08-121657

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 26, 2009
Online Publication Date Apr 17, 2009
Publication Date Sep 1, 2009
Publicly Available Date
Journal FASEB JOURNAL
Print ISSN 0892-6638
Electronic ISSN 1530-6860
Publisher Federation of American Society of Experimental Biology
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 23
Issue 9
Pages 2942-2955
DOI https://doi.org/10.1096/fj.08-121657
Keywords Biotechnology; Genetics; Biochemistry; Molecular Biology
Public URL https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/396185
Publisher URL https://www.fasebj.org/doi/10.1096/fj.08-121657