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The effect of posthypnotic suggestion, hypnotic suggestibility, and goal intentions on adherence to medical instructions

Carvalho, Claudia; Mazzoni, Giuliana; Kirsch, Irving; Meo, Maria; Santandrea, Maura

Authors

Claudia Carvalho

Giuliana Mazzoni G.Mazzoni@hull.ac.uk

Irving Kirsch

Maria Meo

Maura Santandrea



Abstract

The effects of implementation intentions and posthypnotic suggestion were investigated in 2 studies. In Experiment 1, participants with high levels of hypnotic suggestibility were instructed to take placebo pills as part of an investigation of how to best enhance compliance with medical instruction. In Experiment 2, participants with high, medium, and low levels of hypnotic suggestibility were asked to run in place, take their pulse rate before, and send an e-mail report to the experimenter each day. Experiment 1 revealed enhanced adherence as a function of both implementation intentions and posthypnotic suggestion. Experiment 2 failed to find any significant main effects but found a significant interaction between suggestibility and the effects of posthypnotic suggestion. Posthypnotic suggestion enhanced adherence among high suggestible participants but lowered it among low suggestibles.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Apr 1, 2008
Journal INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL HYPNOSIS
Print ISSN 0020-7144
Electronic ISSN 1744-5183
Publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 56
Issue 2
Pages 143-155
APA6 Citation Carvalho, C., Mazzoni, G., Kirsch, I., Meo, M., & Santandrea, M. (2008). The effect of posthypnotic suggestion, hypnotic suggestibility, and goal intentions on adherence to medical instructions. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 56(2), (143-155). doi:10.1080/00207140701849478. ISSN 0020-7144
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/00207140701849478
Keywords Clinical Psychology; Complementary and Manual Therapy
Publisher URL https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00207140701849478
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