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Volcanologists—who are we and where are we going?

Kavanagh, Janine L.; Annen, Catherine J.; Burchardt, Steffi; Chalk, Caitlin; Gallant, Elisabeth; Morin, Julie; Scarlett, Jazmin; Williams, Rebecca


Janine L. Kavanagh

Catherine J. Annen

Steffi Burchardt

Caitlin Chalk

Elisabeth Gallant

Julie Morin

Jazmin Scarlett


Equity, diversity and inclusivity (EDI) are principles all scientific groups and organisations should strive to achieve as they secure working conditions, policies and practices that not only promote high-quality scientific output but also well-being in their communities. In this article, we reflect on the progress of EDI in volcanology by presenting data related to memberships of international volcanology organisations, positions on volcanology committees, volcanology awards and lead-authorship on volcanology papers. The sparse demographic data available means our analysis focuses mainly on gender identity discrimination, but we show that discrimination related to ethnicity, sexual orientation, religion, physical ability and socio-economic background is also occurring, with the intersection of these discriminations further exacerbating marginalisation within the volcanology community. We share suggestions and recommendations from other disciplines on how individuals, research groups and organisations can promote, develop and implement new initiatives to call out and tackle discrimination and advance EDI in the volcanological community. There is a lot of potential for improvement if we all see our role in creating a more equitable, diverse and inclusive volcanology community. This requires (1) awareness: acknowledgement of the problem, (2) commitment: through the statement of EDI core values and the development of action plans, codes of conducts and guidelines, (3) action: aiming for representation of all groups, and (4) reflection: development through critical self-reflection and a willingness to address shortcomings.


Kavanagh, J. L., Annen, C. J., Burchardt, S., Chalk, C., Gallant, E., Morin, J., …Williams, R. (2022). Volcanologists—who are we and where are we going?. Bulletin of volcanology, 84(5), Article 53.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 6, 2022
Online Publication Date May 4, 2022
Publication Date 2022-05
Deposit Date May 6, 2022
Publicly Available Date May 6, 2022
Journal Bulletin of Volcanology
Print ISSN 0258-8900
Electronic ISSN 1432-0819
Publisher Springer Verlag
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 84
Issue 5
Article Number 53
Keywords Equality; Diversity; Inclusion; Equity; Justice; Policy; Discrimination; Action
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Copyright Statement
© The Author(s) 2022.
Open Access. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit

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