Iain R. Brennan
Aggression and attitudes to time and risk in weapon-using violent offenders
Brennan, Iain R.; Brennan, Iain; Moore, Simon C.; Shepherd, Jonathan P.
Professor Iain Brennan I.Brennan@hull.ac.uk
Professor of Criminology
Simon C. Moore
Jonathan P. Shepherd
The use of weapons in violence increases both the severity of harm to victims and the severity of legal consequences for offenders, but little is known of the characteristics of violent offenders who choose to use weapons. Levels of anger, attitude to risk, time discounting, and antisocial history among a sample of weapon-using violent offenders (n=15) were compared to violent offenders who had not used a weapon (n=10) and nonviolent offenders (n=15). Results showed that weapon-using violent offenders displayed greater trait aggression and were more risk seeking than other offender types. In addition, weapon-using violent offenders were first convicted at an earlier age and truanted from school more frequently compared to other offender types. The results indicate that weapon users are more aggressive and more risk taking, but no more present focused than other violent and nonviolent offenders. Further research into the cognitive and social factors that influence weapon use is required if this dangerous behavior is to be reduced. © 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Brennan, I., Moore, S. C., & Shepherd, J. P. (2010). Aggression and attitudes to time and risk in weapon-using violent offenders. Psychiatry research, 178(3), (536-539). doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2009.05.006. ISSN 0165-1781
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||May 12, 2009|
|Online Publication Date||May 26, 2010|
|Publication Date||Aug 15, 2010|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Biological Psychiatry; Psychiatry and Mental health|
This file is under embargo due to copyright reasons.
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