Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Developing and validating a scale to study mentors' behaviour in nursing education

Chen, Yanhua


Yanhua Chen



To study the conceptualization of mentors‘ behaviour and develop and validate a scale based on that to assess students‘ expectation and measure mentors‘ actual performance.

In the field of clinical nursing education in China, mentors are struggling with student mentoring as no national guidelines exist and proper training is unavailable and nursing students are suffering from a low quality of learning and negative experiences.

A mixed methods exploratory sequential design.

At the development and validation stage eleven steps were taken; mixed methodology was used, including focus group and cross-sectional survey with a large sample from China (n=669); in data analysis both classical test theory (exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis) and item response theory (Mokken scale analysis) were conducted.

Mentorship in nursing was conceptualized as a model with three correlated factors, i.e. professional development, facilitating learning and psychosocial support, which was guided by the theoretical framework generated through 46 studies and supported by exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis and Mokken scale analysis.

This new scale based on this conceptulization is reliable, valid and scalable, which is supported by a wide range of psychometrics. It has shown good content validity according to review by nine mentor experts from the UK, stability over time, homogeneity in content, differentiability between extreme groups and hierarchical properties of mentors‘ behaviour in importance and reliability and moderate precision of ordering students‘ expectation. Therefore the mentorship in clinical nursing education is conceptualized as a three–correlated factor model and it is hierarchical in importance. This scale could find utility in nurinsg education in China.


Chen, Y. (2015). Developing and validating a scale to study mentors' behaviour in nursing education. (Thesis). University of Hull. Retrieved from

Thesis Type Thesis
Deposit Date Aug 17, 2017
Publicly Available Date Feb 23, 2023
Keywords Health and social care
Public URL
Additional Information Department of Health and Social Care, The University of Hull
Award Date Jul 1, 2015


Thesis (4 Mb)

Copyright Statement
© 2015 Chen, Yanhua. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without the written permission of the copyright holder.

You might also like

Downloadable Citations