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Novel anisotropic materials from functionalised colloidal cellulose and cellulose derivatives

Holt, Benjamin L.; Stoyanov, Simeon D.; Pelan, Eddie; Paunov, Vesselin N.


Benjamin L. Holt

Simeon D. Stoyanov

Eddie Pelan

Vesselin N. Paunov


This feature article describes selected examples of the properties and the methods of preparation of cellulose micro and nano crystallites (whiskers) and derivatives, with aspects related to fabrication of various anisotropic materials. Nanometre sized cellulose crystallites have a variety of novel anisotropic properties markedly different from those of common forms of cellulose. They can be obtained from a variety of native cellulose sources through partial hydrolysis with strong acids or via mechanical defibrillation. We discuss different fabrication techniques and surface modifications of cellulose whiskers which determine their wettability, surface charge and range of applications. Concentrated suspensions of cellulose whiskers of high aspect ratio can form chiral nematic liquid crystalline phases which retain their structure upon evaporation, producing iridescent films. At present, the bulk of the research on cellulose whiskers is focused on creation of composite materials in which they enhance mechanical properties and improve their biodegradability. The high strength of the cellulose nanocrystals has also been utilised in the fabrication of reinforced composite films with applications for anisotropic microcapsule preparation. Microrods and multifunctional microampules from hydrophobised cellulose have recently been recognised as being able to produce super-stable foams with long shelf life and allow the foam structural elements to encapsulate a range of liquid and solid additives. © 2010 The Royal Society of Chemistry.


Holt, B. L., Stoyanov, S. D., Pelan, E., & Paunov, V. N. (2010). Novel anisotropic materials from functionalised colloidal cellulose and cellulose derivatives. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 20(45), 10058-10070.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 22, 2010
Online Publication Date Aug 27, 2010
Publication Date Dec 7, 2010
Print ISSN 0959-9428
Electronic ISSN 1364-5501
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 20
Issue 45
Pages 10058-10070
Public URL
Publisher URL!divAbstract