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The validity and reliability of an automated method of scoring dental arch relationships in unilateral cleft lip and palate using the modified Huddart-Bodenham scoring system

Martin, Catherine B.; Ma, Xinhui; McIntyre, Grant T.; Wang, Weijie; Lin, Ping; Chalmers, Elinor V.; Mossey, Peter A.

Authors

Catherine B. Martin

Grant T. McIntyre

Weijie Wang

Ping Lin

Elinor V. Chalmers

Peter A. Mossey



Abstract

Objective: To evaluate an automated software tool for the assessment of dental arch relationships using the modified Huddart and Bodenham index. Design: Cohort of 43 models of subjects aged 9-21 with UCLP and the ten GOSLON reference models sets. Method: The 53 sets of plaster models were scored using the MHB index and scanned (R700, 3Shape, Copenhagen, Denmark). The digital models were MHB scored visually (Orthoanalyzer, 3Shape, Copenhagen, Denmark) and landmarked for automatic scoring using a Rhino software plug-in (Rhinoceros, version 5, www.rhino3d.co.uk). Scoring/landmarking was undertaken by three observers and repeated after one month. Intra- and inter-observer reproducibility were tested using Cronbach’s Alpha and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) (threshold > 0.9). Bland-Altman plots demonstrated inter-observer agreement for each model format. Random and systematic error with digital landmark identification error were determined using the x, y and z co-ordinates for 28 models digitized twice one month apart using Cronbach’s alpha and a t-test, respectively. Results: Intra-operator landmark identification was excellent (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.933) with no differences between sessions (P>0.05). Intra-observer reproducibility was excellent for all examiners (Cronbach’s alpha and ICC 0.986-0.988). Inter-observer reproducibility was highest for the software plug-in (0.991), followed by plaster (0.989) and Orthoanalyzer (0.979) and Bland-Altman plots confirmed no systematic bias and greater consistency of scores with the automated software. Conclusion: The automated MHB software tool is valid, reproducible and the most objective method of assessing maxillary arch constriction for patients with UCLP.

Citation

Martin, C. B., Ma, X., McIntyre, G. T., Wang, W., Lin, P., Chalmers, E. V., & Mossey, P. A. (2016). The validity and reliability of an automated method of scoring dental arch relationships in unilateral cleft lip and palate using the modified Huddart-Bodenham scoring system. European Journal of Orthodontics, 38(4), 353-358 . https://doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjw031

Acceptance Date Apr 7, 2016
Online Publication Date Apr 22, 2016
Publication Date Aug 1, 2016
Deposit Date Apr 7, 2016
Publicly Available Date Apr 22, 2016
Journal European journal of orthodontics
Print ISSN 0141-5387
Electronic ISSN 1460-2210
Publisher Oxford University Press (OUP)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 38
Issue 4
Pages 353-358
DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjw031
Keywords Dental arch relationships, Huddart-Bodenham
Public URL https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/435341
Publisher URL http://ejo.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2016/04/22/ejo.cjw031
Additional Information This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in European journal of orthodontics following peer review. The version of record Catherine B. Martin, Xinhui Ma, Grant T. McIntyre, Weijie Wang, Ping Lin, Elinor V. Chalmers, Peter A. Mossey; The validity and reliability of an automated method of scoring dental arch relationships in unilateral cleft lip and palate using the modified Huddart–Bodenham scoring system. Eur J Orthod 2016; 38 (4): 353-358 is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjw031

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