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Large dopant dependence of the current limiting properties of intrinsic conducting polymer surge protection devices

Jabarullah, Noor H.; Verrelli, Emanuele; Gee, Alex; Mauldin, Clayton; Navarro, Luis A.; Golden, Josh H.; Kemp, Neil T.

Authors

Noor H. Jabarullah

Alex Gee

Clayton Mauldin

Luis A. Navarro

Josh H. Golden

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Dr Neil Kemp N.Kemp@hull.ac.uk
Director of Postgraduate Researchers (Physics and Mathematics), Senior Lecturer in Physics



Abstract

New two terminal surge protection devices based on intrinsic conducting polymers are demonstrated to be strongly affected by the dopant molecule type. Thermogravimetric analysis combined with current–voltage studies show a causal link between the dopant molecule, moisture content and the current limiting capability of the devices. Polyaniline thin-films with high moisture content produce devices with current saturation and foldback effects at high applied voltages while low moisture content films exhibit no current rectification and instead demonstrate decreasing resistivity with increasing voltage. Polyaniline doped with sulfuric acid (H2SO4) exhibited the largest moisture content and surge protection devices built with this material produced for the first time negative differential resistance under ambient conditions. A further improvement was made upon this through surface engineering of the interface between the polymer and electrodes using self-assembled monolayers.

Journal Article Type Article
Journal RSC advances
Print ISSN 2046-2069
Electronic ISSN 2046-2069
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 6
Issue 89
Pages 85710-85717
APA6 Citation Jabarullah, N. H., Verrelli, E., Gee, A., Mauldin, C., Navarro, L. A., Golden, J. H., & Kemp, N. T. (in press). Large dopant dependence of the current limiting properties of intrinsic conducting polymer surge protection devices. RSC advances, 6(89), 85710-85717. https://doi.org/10.1039/c6ra18549e
DOI https://doi.org/10.1039/c6ra18549e
Keywords Dopants
Publisher URL http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2016/ra/c6ra18549e#!divAbstract
Copyright Statement ©2017 University of Hull
Additional Information : This document is Similarity Check deposited; : Noor H. Jabarullah (ORCID); : Neil T. Kemp (ORCID); : The Royal Society of Chemistry has an exclusive publication licence for this journal; : Single-blind; : Received 21 July 2016; Accepted 4 September 2016; Accepted Manuscript published 5 September 2016; Version of Record published 8 September 2016

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