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The matrix revisited: a bird's-eye view of marine ecosystem service provision

Burdon, Daryl; Potts, Tavis; Barbone, Carol; Mander, Lucas


Daryl Burdon

Tavis Potts

Carol Barbone

Lucas Mander


The marine environment provides a range of ecosystem services and benefits for society. A previous study in Marine Policy (Potts et al., 2014) advocated a matrix approach to demonstrate the relative degree of ecosystem service provision from habitats and species within UK Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), but excluded seabird species in its assessment. Despite the number of existing UK MPAs designated specifically for individual seabird species and/or seabird assemblages, and the fact that seabird species have long been used as policy-relevant indicators for the monitoring and management of the marine environment, as yet little research has focussed on the direct role of seabird species in the provision of ecosystem services and how these are captured for marine spatial planning purposes in the context of MPAs. Building on the matrix approach, this paper develops and populates a matrix to illustrate the relationship between key UK breeding seabird species and their relative contribution to the delivery of intermediate ecosystem services and goods/benefits. The original matrix approach has been strengthened to include the development and testing of a set of rules for combining multiple matrices. Confidence scores relating to the underlying evidence base are built into the matrix to provide an illustration of the current understanding and to identify current gaps in evidence. Following a sense check by external seabird experts the matrix is applied in the context of four existing UK MPA case study sites. Further developments and applications of the seabird matrix are discussed within the context of wider marine management.


Burdon, D., Potts, T., Barbone, C., & Mander, L. (2017). The matrix revisited: a bird's-eye view of marine ecosystem service provision. Marine Policy, 77, 78-89.

Acceptance Date Dec 20, 2016
Online Publication Date Dec 27, 2016
Publication Date 2017-03
Deposit Date Jan 6, 2017
Publicly Available Date Jun 28, 2018
Journal Marine policy
Print ISSN 0308-597x
Electronic ISSN 1872-9460
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Not Peer Reviewed
Volume 77
Pages 78-89
Keywords Economics and Econometrics; Aquatic Science; Law; Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law; General Environmental Science
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information This is the accepted manuscript of an article published in Marine policy, 2017. The version of record is available at the DOI link in this record.


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