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Predicting and measuring premises-level harm in the night-time economy

Moore, Simon C.; Brennan, Iain; Murphy, Simon

Authors

Simon C. Moore

Simon Murphy



Abstract

Aims: To assess associations between measures of premises-level alcohol-related harm and risk factors for harm. Methods: Thirty-two licensed premises with a history of on-premises violent assault were recruited. An environmental survey of the drinking context of each premises was undertaken. Levels of patron intoxication were assessed using a breathalyser and a visual assessment of customers at each premises. Premise-level violence was identified via routine police and hospital emergency department data. Analyses examined associations between hospital and police data, surveyor and objective ratings of intoxication and the relationship between intoxication, drinking context and violence at the premises level. Results: Hospital and police data were associated. Aggregate levels of surveyor-rated intoxication were associated with aggregate alcometer breath alcohol levels. Analyses further suggest that premises with the highest levels of violence also had customers whose entry-exit change in intoxication was greatest, were open for longer hours, had alcohol promotions and had visible security staff present. Conclusions: Police and hospital data can be used to identify violent premises and to assess outcomes from premises-level interventions to reduce violence. Relatively low-cost observational survey methods can be used to identify high-risk premises, and can be used as outcomes for premises-level interventions. Features of premises that promote intoxication are associated with violence, suggesting that targeting resources at risky premises will likely address two public health concerns: excessive intoxication and assault-related injury.

Citation

Moore, S. C., Brennan, I., & Murphy, S. (2011). Predicting and measuring premises-level harm in the night-time economy. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 46(3), 357-363. https://doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agr011

Journal Article Type Article
Online Publication Date Feb 24, 2011
Publication Date May 1, 2011
Deposit Date Nov 13, 2014
Journal Alcohol And Alcoholism
Print ISSN 0735-0414
Electronic ISSN 1464-3502
Publisher Oxford University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 46
Issue 3
Pages 357-363
DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agr011
Keywords Randomized controlled-trial; Alcohol-consumption; Binge drinking; Intoxication
Public URL https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/463042
Publisher URL https://academic.oup.com/alcalc/article/46/3/357/239631