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Classification of Melanoma and Nevus in Digital Images for Diagnosis of Skin Cancer

Khan, Muhammad Qasim; Hussain, Ayyaz; Rehman, Saeed Ur; Khan, Umair; Maqsood, Muazzam; Mehmood, Kashif; Khan, Muazzam A.


Muhammad Qasim Khan

Ayyaz Hussain

Umair Khan

Muazzam Maqsood

Kashif Mehmood

Muazzam A. Khan


Melanoma is considered a fatal type of skin cancer. However, it is sometimes hard to distinguish it from nevus due to their identical visual appearance and symptoms. The mortality rate because of this disease is higher than all other skin-related consolidated malignancies. The number of cases is growing among young people, but if it is diagnosed at an earlier stage, then the survival rates become very high. The cost and time required for the doctors to diagnose all patients for melanoma are very high. In this paper, we propose an intelligent system to detect and distinguish melanoma from nevus by using the state-of-the-art image processing techniques. At first, the Gaussian filter is used for removing noise from the skin lesion of the acquired images followed by the use of improved K-mean clustering to segment out the lesion. A distinctive hybrid superfeature vector is formed by the extraction of textural and color features from the lesion. Support vector machine (SVM) is utilized for the classification of skin cancer into melanoma and nevus. Our aim is to test the effectiveness of the proposed segmentation technique, extract the most suitable features, and compare the classification results with the other techniques present in the literature. The proposed methodology is tested on the DERMIS dataset having a total number of 397 skin cancer images: 146 are melanoma and 251 are nevus skin lesions. Our proposed methodology archives encouraging results having 96% accuracy.


Khan, M. Q., Hussain, A., Rehman, S. U., Khan, U., Maqsood, M., Mehmood, K., & Khan, M. A. (2019). Classification of Melanoma and Nevus in Digital Images for Diagnosis of Skin Cancer. IEEE Access, 7, 90132-90144.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2019
Deposit Date Jul 2, 2024
Publicly Available Date Jul 10, 2024
Journal IEEE Access
Electronic ISSN 2169-3536
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 7
Pages 90132-90144
Public URL


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