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Effectiveness of performance appraisal: An integrated framework

Iqbal, Muhammad Zahid; Akbar, Saeed; Budhwar, Pawan


Muhammad Zahid Iqbal

Saeed Akbar

Pawan Budhwar


© 2015 British Academy of Management and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Based on a robust analysis of the existing literature on performance appraisal (PA), this paper makes a case for an integrated framework of effectiveness of performance appraisal (EPA). To achieve this, it draws on the expanded view of measurement criteria of EPA, i.e. purposefulness, fairness and accuracy, and identifies their relationships with ratee reactions. The analysis reveals that the expanded view of purposefulness includes more theoretical anchors for the purposes of PA and relates to various aspects of human resource functions, e.g. feedback and goal orientation. The expansion in the PA fairness criterion suggests certain newly established nomological networks, which were ignored in the past, e.g. the relationship between distributive fairness and organization-referenced outcomes. Further, refinements in PA accuracy reveal a more comprehensive categorization of rating biases. Coherence among measurement criteria has resulted in a ratee reactions-based integrated framework, which should be useful for both researchers and practitioners.


Iqbal, M. Z., Akbar, S., & Budhwar, P. (2015). Effectiveness of performance appraisal: An integrated framework. International Journal of Management Reviews, 17(4), 510-533.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 10, 2014
Online Publication Date Oct 31, 2014
Publication Date 2015-10
Deposit Date Sep 18, 2018
Publicly Available Date Sep 24, 2018
Journal International Journal of Management Reviews
Print ISSN 1460-8545
Electronic ISSN 1468-2370
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 17
Issue 4
Pages 510-533
Public URL
Publisher URL


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