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Relics of ancient post-AGB stars in a primitive meteorite

Jadhav, M.; Pignatari, M.; Herwig, F.; Zinner, E.; Gallino, R.; Huss, G. R.


M. Jadhav

F. Herwig

E. Zinner

R. Gallino

G. R. Huss


Graphite is one of the many presolar circumstellar condensate species found in primitive meteorites. While the isotopic compositions of low-density graphite grains indicate an origin in core-collapse supernovae, some high-density grains have extreme isotopic anomalies in C, Ca, and Ti, which cannot be explained by envelope predictions of asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars or theoretical supernova models. The Ca and Ti isotopic anomalies, however, match the predictions of He-shell abundances in AGB stars. In this study, we show that the C, Ca, and Ti isotopic anomalies are consistent with nucleosynthesis predictions of the H-ingestion phase during a very late thermal pulse (VLTP) event in post-AGB stars. The low ¹²C/¹³C isotopic ratios in these grains are a result of abundant ¹²C efficiently capturing the protons that are being ingested during the VLTP. Very high neutron densities of ∼10 15 cm -3 , typical of the i-process, are achieved during this phase in post-AGB stars. The large ⁴², ⁴³, ⁴⁴ Ca excesses in some graphite grains are indicative of neutron capture nucleosynthesis during VLTP. The comparison of VLTP nucleosynthesis calculations to the graphite data also indicate that apparent anomalies in the Ti isotopic ratios are due to large contributions from ⁴⁶, ⁴⁸ Ca, which cannot be resolved from the isobars ⁴⁶, ⁴⁸ Ti during the measurements. We conclude that presolar graphite grains with moderate to extreme Ca and Ti isotopic anomalies originate in post-AGB stars that suffer a VLTP. © 2013. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Nov 10, 2013
Journal Astrophysical Journal Letters
Print ISSN 2041-8205
Electronic ISSN 2041-8213
Publisher American Astronomical Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 777
Issue 2
Article Number L27
Pages L27
APA6 Citation Jadhav, M., Pignatari, M., Herwig, F., Zinner, E., Gallino, R., & Huss, G. R. (2013). Relics of ancient post-AGB stars in a primitive meteorite. Astrophysical journal. Letters, 777(2), L27.
Keywords Astrochemistry; Circumstellar matter; Meteorites, meteors, meteoroids; Nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances; Stars: abundances; Stars: AGB and post-AGB
Publisher URL
Copyright Statement Copyright Institute of Physics (the "Institute") and IOP Publishing 2013


Article (759 Kb)

Copyright Statement
Copyright Institute of Physics (the "Institute") and IOP Publishing 2013

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