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Risk factors for maternal anaemia and low birth weight in pregnant women living in rural India: a prospective cohort study

Ahankari, A. S.; Myles, P. R.; Dixit, J. V.; Tata, L. J.; Fogarty, A. W.

Authors

P. R. Myles

J. V. Dixit

L. J. Tata

A. W. Fogarty



Abstract

© 2017 The Royal Society for Public Health Objective The aim of this prospective study was to estimate the prevalence and risk factors for maternal anaemia and low birth weight (LBW) in pregnant women living in Maharashtra state, India. Study design This is a prospective study. Methods Women between 3 and 5 months of pregnancy were recruited from 34 villages based in Maharashtra state. Baseline data collection, anthropometric measurements and blood investigations were performed. Participants were followed-up to record birth weight. Results In total, 303 women were eligible, and 287 (95%) provided data. 77% were anaemic, defined as haemoglobin less than 11.0 g/dl at the time of recruitment, with a mean corpuscular volume of 80.5 fl/cell (standard deviation: 7.22, range: 53.4–93.8). The increased risk of anaemia was seen in women with consanguineous marriages (odds ratio [OR]: 2.41, 95% confidence interval [CI] : 1.16–5.01, P = 0.01) after adjustment for potential confounding factors. Postdelivery data from full-term singleton live births demonstrated a 7% prevalence of LBW. Consanguineous marriage was a major risk factor for LBW (OR: 4.10, 95% CI: 1.25–13.41, P = 0.02). The presence of maternal anaemia during 3–5 months of pregnancy was associated with lower risk of LBW (unadjusted OR: 0.34, 95% CI: 0.13–0.92, P = 0.03). Conclusion About 30% of our study participants were in a consanguineous marriage, which was identified as a potentially avoidable risk factor for both anaemia and LBW.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Oct 1, 2017
Journal Public Health
Print ISSN 0033-3506
Electronic ISSN 1476-5616
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 151
Pages 63-73
APA6 Citation Ahankari, A. S., Myles, P. R., Dixit, J. V., Tata, L. J., & Fogarty, A. W. (2017). Risk factors for maternal anaemia and low birth weight in pregnant women living in rural India: a prospective cohort study. Public health, 151, 63-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2017.06.023
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2017.06.023
Keywords Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health; General Medicine
Publisher URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/44179/
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Risk factors for maternal anaemia and low birth weight in pregnant women living in rural India: a prospective cohort study; Journal Title: Public Health; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2017.06.023; Content Type: article; Copyright: © 2017 The Royal Society for Public Health. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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