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Alcohol consumption, early-onset drinking, and health-related consequences in adolescents presenting at emergency departments in England

Donoghue, Kim; Rose, Hannah; Boniface, Sadie; Deluca, Paolo; Coulton, Simon; Alam, Mohammed Fasihul; Gilvarry, Eilish; Kaner, Eileen; Lynch, Ellen; Maconochie, Ian; McArdle, Paul; McGovern, Ruth; Newbury-Birch, Dorothy; Patton, Robert; Phillips, Ceri J.; Phillips, Thomas; Russell, Ian; Strang, John; Drummond, Colin

Authors

Kim Donoghue

Hannah Rose

Sadie Boniface

Paolo Deluca

Simon Coulton

Mohammed Fasihul Alam

Eilish Gilvarry

Eileen Kaner

Ellen Lynch

Ian Maconochie

Paul McArdle

Ruth McGovern

Dorothy Newbury-Birch

Robert Patton

Ceri J. Phillips

Ian Russell

John Strang

Colin Drummond



Abstract

© 2016 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine Purpose Globally, alcohol use is the leading cause of ill health and life years lost in adolescents, although its clinical impact is often overlooked, particularly in England where most research is based in schools. This study aims to examine the prevalence of alcohol consumption and the association between alcohol consumption and age of onset with health and social consequences among adolescents presenting to emergency departments (EDs). Methods Consecutive attenders (n = 5,576) aged 10–17 years at 10 EDs were included. Information was collected on general health and functioning, quality of life, alcohol use, and alcohol-related health and social consequences. Results Nearly 40% of adolescents reported the consumption of alcohol that was more than a sip in their lifetime. Age of the first alcohol consumption before the age of 15 years was associated with tobacco use (p < .001), lower quality of life (p =.003), and evidence of an alcohol use disorder (p =.002). It was also associated with general social functioning (problems with conduct p =.001 and hyperactivity p =.001) and alcohol-related health and social consequences (accident p =.046, problems with a parent p =.017, school p =.0117, or police p =.012). Conclusions Rates of alcohol consumption in adolescents presenting to the ED were similar to those reported in schools in England and globally. Associations of alcohol consumption and earlier onset of drinking with poorer health and social functioning were observed. The ED can offer an opportunity for the identification of hazardous alcohol use in adolescents.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Apr 1, 2017
Journal Journal of Adolescent Health
Print ISSN 1054-139X
Electronic ISSN 1879-1972
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 60
Issue 4
Pages 438-446
APA6 Citation Donoghue, K., Rose, H., Boniface, S., Deluca, P., Coulton, S., Alam, M. F., …Drummond, C. (2017). Alcohol consumption, early-onset drinking, and health-related consequences in adolescents presenting at emergency departments in England. Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 60(4), 438-446. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.11.017
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.11.017
Keywords Alcohol use; Social functioning; Adolescents; Emergency department; Health
Publisher URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1054139X16308709?via%3Dihub
Related Public URLs http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/813342/
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