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On a role of quadruple component of magnetic field in defining solar activity in grand cycles

Popova, E.; Zharkova, V.; Shepherd, S.; Zharkov, S.


E. Popova

V. Zharkova

S. Shepherd


In this paper we revise our prediction of solar activity using a solar background magnetic field as a proxy by the inclusion of eigen vectors of solar magnetic waves produced by quadruple magnetic sources, in addition to the principal eigen modes generated by two-layer dipole sources (Zharkova et al., 2015). By considering the interference of two dipole and one quadruple waves we produce the revised summary curve for the last 400 years accounting for the additional minima of solar activity occurred at the beginning of 19th (Dalton minimum) and 20th centuries. Using the dynamo model with meridional circulation and selecting the directions of circulation for quadruple waves, we estimate the parameters of quadrupole waves best fitting the observations in the past grand cycle. The comparison shows that the quadruple wave has to be generated in the inner layer of the solar convective zone, in order to provide the additional minima observed in 19 and 20 centuries, thus, naturally accounting for Gleissberg centennial cycle. The summary dynamo wave simulated for the dipole and quadruple sources reveals much closer correspondence of the resulting summary curve derived from the principal components of magnetic field variations to the solar activity oscillations derived from the average sunspot numbers in the current grand cycle.


Popova, E., Zharkova, V., Shepherd, S., & Zharkov, S. (2018). On a role of quadruple component of magnetic field in defining solar activity in grand cycles. Journal of atmospheric and solar-terrestrial physics, 176, 61-68. doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2017.05.006

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 6, 2017
Online Publication Date May 15, 2017
Publication Date Sep 1, 2018
Deposit Date Jun 28, 2018
Publicly Available Date Jul 11, 2018
Journal Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
Print ISSN 1364-6826
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 176
Pages 61-68
Keywords Sunspots; Magnetic field; Solar activity cycle; Principal component analysis; Solar dynamo; Gleissberg cycle; Grand cycle
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Copyright Statement © 2018. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license


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