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Bounded Reliability and the termination of international joint ventures – insights from the Mid-Med Bank, 1975–1979 (2019)
Journal Article
Lu, Q. (in press). Bounded Reliability and the termination of international joint ventures – insights from the Mid-Med Bank, 1975–1979. Business history, 1-21. doi:10.1080/00076791.2018.1552679

In the late twentieth century, the international joint venture (IJV) became an increasingly important yet unstable organisational form of international business. Based on insights provided by the Mid-Med Bank of Malta during the period 1975-1979, thi... Read More

The US government dual banking regulation levels, transaction costs and HSBC's strategy in acquiring Marine Midland Banks, Inc., 1978-80 (2010)
Journal Article
Lu, Q. (2010). The US government dual banking regulation levels, transaction costs and HSBC's strategy in acquiring Marine Midland Banks, Inc., 1978-80. Business history, 52(6), 955-977. doi:10.1080/00076791.2010.511184

This paper undertakes a case study of HSBC acquiring Marine Midland Banks, Inc. (MMBI) in the US between 1978 and 1980, a historic incident that had a catalytic impact on the whole debate about foreign banking in the US and re-examination of the rest... Read More

Government control, transaction costs, and commitment between the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC) and the Chinese government (2008)
Journal Article
Lu, Q. (2008). Government control, transaction costs, and commitment between the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC) and the Chinese government. Enterprise & society, 9(1), 44-69. doi:10.1093/es/khm106

We use the tools of transaction cost politics (TCP) developed from transaction cost economics and economic analysis, to analyze the business relationship building between the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC), the largest and most succ... Read More