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Choosing physical, physicochemical and chemical methods of pre-treating lignocellulosic wastes to repurpose into solid fuels (2019)
Journal Article
Taylor, M. J., Alabdrabalameer, H. A., & Skoulou, V. (2019). Choosing physical, physicochemical and chemical methods of pre-treating lignocellulosic wastes to repurpose into solid fuels. Sustainability, 11(13), https://doi.org/10.3390/su11133604

Various methods of physical, chemical and combined physicochemical pre-treatments for biomass waste valorization to value added feedstock for downstream processes in Chemical Industries have been reviewed. Where relevant literature was scrutinized fo... Read More

Linking direct measurements of turbidity currents to submarine canyon-floor deposits (2019)
Journal Article
Maier, K., Gales, J., Paull, C., Rosenberger, K., Talling, P., Simmons, S., …Sumner, E. (2019). Linking direct measurements of turbidity currents to submarine canyon-floor deposits. Frontiers in Earth Science, 7, https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2019.00144

Submarine canyons are conduits for episodic and powerful sediment density flows (commonly called turbidity currents) that move globally significant amounts of terrestrial sediment and organic carbon into the deep sea, forming some of the largest sedi... Read More

Short-and medium-term exposure to ocean acidification reduces olfactory sensitivity in gilthead seabream (2019)
Journal Article
Velez, Z., Roggatz, C., Benoit, D., Hardege, J., & Hubbard, P. C. (2019). Short-and medium-term exposure to ocean acidification reduces olfactory sensitivity in gilthead seabream. Frontiers in Physiology, 10, https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2019.00731

The effects of ocean acidification on fish are only partially understood. Studies on olfaction are mostly limited to behavioural alterations of coral reef fish; studies on temperate species and/or with economic importance are scarce. The current stu... Read More

Water quality modelling of the Mekong River basin: climate change and socioeconomics drive flow and nutrient flux changes to the Mekong Delta (2019)
Journal Article
Whitehead, P., Jin, L., Bussi, G., Voepel, H., Darby, S., Vasilopoulos, G., …Hung, N. (2019). Water quality modelling of the Mekong River basin: climate change and socioeconomics drive flow and nutrient flux changes to the Mekong Delta. The Science of the total environment, 673, 218-229. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.03.315

The Mekong delta is recognised as one of the world's most vulnerable mega-deltas, being subject to a range of environmental pressures including sea level rise, increasing population, and changes in flows and nutrients from its upland catchment. With... Read More

Self-sharpening induces jet-like structure in seafloor gravity currents (2019)
Journal Article
Dorrell, R. M., Peakall, J., Darby, S. E., Parsons, D. R., Johnson, J., Sumner, E. J., …Tezcan, D. (2019). Self-sharpening induces jet-like structure in seafloor gravity currents. Nature communications, 10(1), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-09254-2

Gravity currents are the primary means by which sediments, solutes and heat are transported across the ocean-floor. Existing theory of gravity current flow employs a statistically-stable model of turbulent diffusion that has been extant since the 196... Read More

Monometallic and bimetallic catalysts based on Pd, Cu and Ni for hydrogen transfer deoxygenation of a prototypical fatty acid to diesel range hydrocarbons (2019)
Journal Article
Cheah, K. W., Taylor, M. J., Osatiashtiani, A., Beaumont, S. K., Nowakowski, D. J., Yusup, S., …Kyriakou, G. (in press). Monometallic and bimetallic catalysts based on Pd, Cu and Ni for hydrogen transfer deoxygenation of a prototypical fatty acid to diesel range hydrocarbons. Catalysis Today, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2019.03.017

Bimetallic PdxNi(100-x) and PdxCu(100-x) structures of a wide compositional range supported on activated carbon were synthesised via a simple, cheap and commercially relevant method. The surface and bulk properties of both the bimetallic structures a... Read More

The structure and entrainment characteristics of partially-confined gravity currents (2019)
Journal Article
Kelly, R. W., Dorrell, R. M., Burns, A. D., & McCaffrey, W. D. (2019). The structure and entrainment characteristics of partially-confined gravity currents. Journal of geophysical research. C, Oceans, 124(3), 2110-2125. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JC014042

Seafloor channels are the main conduit for turbidity currents transporting sediment to the deep ocean and they can extend for thousands of kilometres along the ocean floor. Although it is common for channel‐traversing turbidity currents to spill onto... Read More

Wave ripple development on mixed clay-sand substrates: Effects of clay winnowing and armoring (2018)
Journal Article
Wu, X., Baas, J. H., Parsons, D. R., Eggenhuisen, J., Amoudry, L., Cartigny, M., …Ruessink, G. (2018). Wave ripple development on mixed clay-sand substrates: Effects of clay winnowing and armoring. Journal of geophysical research. JGR. Earth surface, 123(11), 2784-2801. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JF004681

Based on bed form experiments in a large‐scale flume, we demonstrate that the rate of development of wave ripples on a mixed sand‐clay bed under regular waves is significantly lower than on a pure‐sand bed, even at clay fractions as low as 4.2%, and... Read More

Powerful turbidity currents driven by dense basal layers (2018)
Journal Article
Paull, C. K., Talling, P. J., Maier, K. L., Parsons, D., Xu, J., Caress, D. W., …Cartigny, M. J. (2018). Powerful turbidity currents driven by dense basal layers. Nature communications, 9(1), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-06254-6

Seafloor sediment flows (turbidity currents) are among the volumetrically most important yet least documented sediment transport processes on Earth. A scarcity of direct observations means that basic characteristics, such as whether flows are entirel... Read More

Optimisation of flow resistance and turbulent mixing over bed forms (2018)
Journal Article
Arfaie, A., Burns, A., Dorrell, R., Ingham, D., Eggenhuisen, J., & McCaffrey, W. (2018). Optimisation of flow resistance and turbulent mixing over bed forms. Environmental modelling & software : with environment data news, 107, 141-147. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2018.06.002

Previous work on the interplay between turbulent mixing and flow resistance for flows over periodic rib roughness elements is extended to consider the flow over idealized shapes representative of naturally occurring sedimentary bed forms. The primary... Read More

Modelling impacts of tidal stream turbines on surface waves (2018)
Journal Article
Li, X., Li, M., Jordan, L. B., McLelland, S., Parsons, D. R., Amoudry, L. O., …Comerford, L. (2019). Modelling impacts of tidal stream turbines on surface waves. Renewable energy, 130, 725-734. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2018.05.098

© 2018 Elsevier Ltd A high resolution Computational Flow Dynamics (CFD) numerical model is built based on a laboratory experiment in this research to study impacts of tidal turbines on surface wave dynamics. A reduction of ∼3% in wave height is obser... Read More

Laboratory study on the effects of hydro kinetic turbines on hydrodynamics and sediment dynamics (2018)
Journal Article
Ramírez-Mendoza, R., Amoudry, L., Thorne, P., Cooke, R., McLelland, S., Jordan, L., …Murdoch, L. (2018). Laboratory study on the effects of hydro kinetic turbines on hydrodynamics and sediment dynamics. Renewable energy, 129(Part A), 271-284. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2018.05.094

© 2018 The Authors The need for hydrokinetic turbine wake characterisation and their environmental impact has led to a number of studies. However, a small number of them have taken into account mobile sediment bed effects. The aim of the present work... Read More

Beyond equilibrium: Re-evaluating physical modelling of fluvial systems to represent climate changes (2018)
Journal Article
Baynes, E. R., van de Lageweg, W. I., McLelland, S. J., Parsons, D. R., Aberle, J., Dijkstra, J., …Moulin, F. (2018). Beyond equilibrium: Re-evaluating physical modelling of fluvial systems to represent climate changes. Earth-Science Reviews, 181, 82-97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2018.04.007

© 2018 Elsevier B.V. The interactions between water, sediment and biology in fluvial systems are complex and driven by multiple forcing mechanisms across a range of spatial and temporal scales. In a changing climate, some meteorological drivers are e... Read More

Quantifying biostabilisation effects of biofilm-secreted and extracted extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs) on sandy substrate (2018)
Journal Article
Van De Lageweg, W. I., McLelland, S. J., & Parsons, D. R. (2018). Quantifying biostabilisation effects of biofilm-secreted and extracted extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs) on sandy substrate. Earth surface dynamics ESURF ; an interactive open access journal of the European Geosciences Union, 6(1), 203-215. https://doi.org/10.5194/esurf-6-203-2018

© Author(s) 2018. Microbial assemblages ( < q > biofilms < /q > ) preferentially develop at water-sediment interfaces and are known to have a considerable influence on sediment stability and erodibility. There is potential for significant impacts on... Read More

Low-angle dunes in the Changjiang (Yangtze) Estuary: Flow and sediment dynamics under tidal influence (2018)
Journal Article
Hackney, C. R., Hu, H., Wei, T., Yang, Z., Hackney, C., & Parsons, D. R. (2018). Low-angle dunes in the Changjiang (Yangtze) Estuary: Flow and sediment dynamics under tidal influence. Estuarine, coastal and shelf science, 205, 110-122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2018.03.009

It has long been highlighted that important feedbacks exist between river bed morphology, sediment transport and the turbulent flow field and that these feedbacks change in response to forcing mechanisms. However, our current understanding of bedform... Read More

Particle Size Distribution Controls the Threshold Between Net Sediment Erosion and Deposition in Suspended Load Dominated Flows (2018)
Journal Article
Dorrell, R. M., Amy, L. A., Peakall, J., & McCaffrey, W. D. (2018). Particle Size Distribution Controls the Threshold Between Net Sediment Erosion and Deposition in Suspended Load Dominated Flows. Geophysical research letters, 45(3), 1443-1452. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017gl076489

©2018. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. The central problem of describing most environmental and industrial flows is predicting when material is entrained into, or deposited from, suspension. The threshold between erosional and deposi... Read More

A General Model for the Helical Structure of Geophysical Flows in Channel Bends (2017)
Journal Article
Azpiroz-Zabala, M., Cartigny, M. J. B., Sumner, E. J., Clare, M. A., Talling, P. J., Parsons, D. R., & Cooper, C. (2017). A General Model for the Helical Structure of Geophysical Flows in Channel Bends. Geophysical research letters, 44(23), 11,932-11,941. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017gl075721

Meandering channels formed by geophysical flows (e.g., rivers and seafloor turbidity currents) include the most extensive sediment transport systems on Earth. Previous measurements from rivers show how helical flow at meander bends plays a key role i... Read More

A novel mixing mechanism in sinuous seafloor channels: Implications for submarine channel evolution (2017)
Journal Article
Dorrell, R. M., Peakall, J., Burns, C., & Keevil, G. M. (2018). A novel mixing mechanism in sinuous seafloor channels: Implications for submarine channel evolution. Geomorphology, 303, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2017.11.008

Previous experimental studies of density currents in sinuous seafloor channels have almost exclusively studied hydrodynamics either by considering time independent, instantaneous, flow measurements or by compiling time-averaged flow measurements. Her... Read More

Pulse propagation in turbidity currents (2017)
Journal Article
Ho, V. L., Dorrell, R. M., Keevil, G. M., Burns, A. D., & McCaffrey, W. D. (2018). Pulse propagation in turbidity currents. Sedimentology, 65(2), 620-637. https://doi.org/10.1111/sed.12397

© 2017 The Authors. Sedimentology © 2017 International Association of Sedimentologists Submarine turbidity currents are a key mechanism in the transportation of clastic sediments to deep seas. Such currents may initiate with a complex longitudinal fl... Read More