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Dog ownership and physical activity among breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer survivors

Forbes, Cynthia C.; Blanchard, Chris M.; Mummery, W. Kerry; Courneya, Kerry S.

Authors

Chris M. Blanchard

W. Kerry Mummery

Kerry S. Courneya



Abstract

Background
Dog ownership has been associated with higher rates of physical activity (PA) in several populations but no study to date has focused on cancer survivors. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between dog ownership and PA among cancer survivors and to examine correlates of dog ownership.

Methods
A stratified random sample of 2062 breast cancer survivors, prostate cancer survivors, and colorectal cancer survivors was mailed a questionnaire assessing PA, social cognitive, dog ownership, demographic, and medical variables.

Results
Overall, 25% of the sample was dog owners (DOs). There were no significant differences in moderate, vigorous, or total PA minutes between DOs and non–dog owners. There was a significant difference in light PA minutes in favor of DOs (153 vs 112 minutes; 95% CI = 4 to 77; P = .030), however, this was largely restricted to breast cancer survivors (143 vs 79 minutes; 95% CI = 25 to 102; P = .001) who also reported fewer vigorous PA minutes (18 vs 39 minutes; 95% CI = −42 to −1; P = .042). Survivors were more likely to be DOs if they had breast cancer (P = .054), a higher income (P = .021), radiation therapy (P = .029), chemotherapy (P = .010), were younger (P < .001), employed (P < .001), and a current smoker (P = .015). Few social cognitive variables were associated with DO.

Conclusions
Dog ownership among cancer survivors was not associated with moderate‐to‐vigorous PA but was associated with light PA. Further research is necessary to determine if promoting dog ownership and dog walking among cancer survivors may increase PA and possibly improve health outcomes.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Dec 1, 2017
Journal Psycho-Oncology
Print ISSN 1057-9249
Electronic ISSN 1099-1611
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 26
Issue 12
Pages 2186-2193
APA6 Citation Forbes, C. C., Blanchard, C. M., Mummery, W. K., & Courneya, K. S. (2017). Dog ownership and physical activity among breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer survivors. Psycho-oncology, 26(12), 2186-2193. doi:10.1002/pon.4324
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/pon.4324
Keywords Experimental and Cognitive Psychology; Oncology; Psychiatry and Mental health
Publisher URL https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/pon.4324
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