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A dimensional analysis of stakeholder assessment of project outcomes

Chipulu, Maxwell; Ojiako, Udechukwu; Marshall, Alasdair; Williams, Terry; Bititci, Umit; Mota, Caroline; Shou, Yongyi; Thomas, Ashish; El Dirani, Ali; Maguire, Stuart; Stamati, Teta


Maxwell Chipulu

Udechukwu Ojiako

Alasdair Marshall

Umit Bititci

Caroline Mota

Yongyi Shou

Ashish Thomas

Ali El Dirani

Stuart Maguire

Teta Stamati


© 2019, © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Driven by an interest in developing a deeper understanding of stakeholder interests, this study undertakes a dimensional analysis of how different stakeholders assess project outcomes. Most importantly, in our analysis, we take into consideration the largely unaccounted-for conceptual difference between project success and project failure. Data were collected over a 2-year period (between 2013 and 2015) from 1631 project stakeholders in nine countries. We analyzed the survey data using three-way Multidimensional Scaling. We found that most project stakeholders tend to be more specific in their assessment of project success than when assessing project failure. We also found that most stakeholders attached maximal and different levels of importance to different dimensions of project outcomes. In particular, we found that when assessing project ‘success’, project stakeholders appear more focused on project effectiveness. On the other hand, when assessing project ‘failure’, project stakeholders appear more focused on efficiency. Understanding how stakeholders assess and prioritize project outcomes is of particular interest to project managers as it enables them develop a clearer understanding of individual interests of various stakeholders. For stakeholders themselves, such an understanding helps limit possible disruptions to the project emanating from contesting decisions made by the project manager.


Chipulu, M., Ojiako, U., Marshall, A., Williams, T., Bititci, U., Mota, C., …Stamati, T. (2019). A dimensional analysis of stakeholder assessment of project outcomes. Production planning & control, 30(13), 1072-1090.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 6, 2018
Online Publication Date Jun 11, 2019
Publication Date Oct 3, 2019
Deposit Date Sep 10, 2018
Publicly Available Date Dec 12, 2020
Journal Production planning & control
Print ISSN 0953-7287
Electronic ISSN 1366-5871
Publisher Taylor and Francis
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 30
Issue 13
Pages 1072-1090
Keywords Stakeholder; Project outcomes; Scale development
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