Characteristics and outcome of acute heart failure patients according to the severity of peripheral oedema
Shoaib, Ahmad; Mamas, Mamas A; Ahmad, Qazi S; McDonagh, Theresa M; Hardman, Susanna MC; Rashid, Muhammad; Butler, Robert; Duckett, Simon; Satchithananda, Duwarakan; Nolan, James; Dargie, Henry; Clark, Andrew L; Cleland, John G F
Mamas A Mamas
Qazi S Ahmad
Theresa M McDonagh
Susanna MC Hardman
Andrew L Clark
John G F Cleland
Most trials of patients hospitalized for heart failure focus on breathlessness (alveolar pulmonary oedema) but worsening peripheral oedema is also an important presentation. We investigated the relationship between the severity of peripheral oedema on admission and outcome amongst patients with a primary discharge death or diagnosis of heart failure.
We tested the hypothesis that severity of peripheral oedema is associated with length of hospital stay and mortality.
Patient variables reported to the National Heart Failure Audit for England & Wales between April 2008 and March 2013 were included in this analysis. Peripheral oedema was classified as ‘none’, ‘mild’, ‘moderate’ or ‘severe’. Length of stay, mortality during the index admission and for up to three years after discharge are reported.
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Publication Date||Jun 15, 2019|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|APA6 Citation||Shoaib, A., Mamas, M. A., Ahmad, Q. S., McDonagh, T. M., Hardman, S. M., Rashid, M., …Cleland, J. G. F. (2019). Characteristics and outcome of acute heart failure patients according to the severity of peripheral oedema. International journal of cardiology, 285, 40-46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.03.020|
|Keywords||Acute heart failure; Peripheral oedema; Breathlessness; Mortality|
|Additional Information||This is the accepted manuscript of an article published in International Journal of Cardiology, 2019. The version of record is available at the DOI link in this record.|
©2020, Elsevier. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
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