Effective communication of information is essential to intelligence work. This paper identifies the main obstacles to good communication: policy-related challenges; cognitive impediments; resource limitations; cultural and structural issues within intelligence communities; and technical information. To illustrate, it examines four cases when poor communication contributed to intelligence shortcomings. Via questionnaire and document survey, the study identifies the current state of practice in UK intelligence communities. The survey of visualization documents currently in use revealed errors
against established principles of Information Design. Thus, to ensure better handling and dissemination of intelligence, there is a distinct need to apply Information Design principles.
Lonsdale, D., & Lonsdale, M. D. S. (2019). Handling and communicating intelligence information: a conceptual, historical and information design analysis. Intelligence and national security, 34(5), 703-726. https://doi.org/10.1080/02684527.2019.1592841