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Hierarchically structured composites and porous materials from soft templates: fabrication and applications

Thompson, Benjamin R.; Horozov, Tommy S.; Stoyanov, Simeon. D.; Paunov, Vesselin N.


Benjamin R. Thompson

Simeon. D. Stoyanov

Vesselin N. Paunov


Recent experimental methods for fabrication of hierarchically porous and structured composites are reviewed. The main focus is on recent examples of how different soft templating materials, like emulsions, surfactant phases, breath figures, biological templates, liquid marbles and hydrogel bead slurries can be used to fabricate hierarchically porous materials with tuneable porosity, pore sizes and ratios of different sized pores. Approaches for tuning the physical properties (mechanical, thermal, acoustic) of these innovative materials as well as controlling the porosity, pore size and microstructure are discussed. We also show a variety of applications of hierarchically structured composites in catalysis, energy storage, usage and conversion, removal of pollutants, sensors, biomaterials, smart soaps, and structuring of consumer products.


Thompson, B. R., Horozov, T. S., Stoyanov, S. D., & Paunov, V. N. (in press). Hierarchically structured composites and porous materials from soft templates: fabrication and applications. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 7(14), 8030-8049.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 13, 2019
Online Publication Date Mar 21, 2019
Deposit Date Mar 24, 2019
Publicly Available Date Oct 27, 2022
Journal Journal of Materials Chemistry A
Print ISSN 2050-7488
Electronic ISSN 2050-7496
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 7
Issue 14
Pages 8030-8049
Keywords Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment; General Materials Science; General Chemistry; Food science; building materials; catalysis
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