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Hierarchically structured composites and porous materials from soft templates: fabrication and applications

Thompson, Benjamin R.; Horozov, Tommy S.; Stoyanov, Simeon. D.; Paunov, Vesselin N.

Authors

Benjamin R. Thompson

Simeon. D. Stoyanov

Abstract

Recent experimental methods for fabrication of hierarchically porous and structured composites are reviewed. The main focus is on recent examples of how different soft templating materials, like emulsions, surfactant phases, breath figures, biological templates, liquid marbles and hydrogel bead slurries can be used to fabricate hierarchically porous materials with tuneable porosity, pore sizes and ratios of different sized pores. Approaches for tuning the physical properties (mechanical, thermal, acoustic) of these innovative materials as well as controlling the porosity, pore size and microstructure are discussed. We also show a variety of applications of hierarchically structured composites in catalysis, energy storage, usage and conversion, removal of pollutants, sensors, biomaterials, smart soaps, and structuring of consumer products.

Journal Article Type Article
Journal Journal of Materials Chemistry A
Print ISSN 2050-7488
Electronic ISSN 2050-7496
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 7
Issue 14
Pages 8030-8049
Institution Citation Thompson, B. R., Horozov, T. S., Stoyanov, S. D., & Paunov, V. N. (in press). Hierarchically structured composites and porous materials from soft templates: fabrication and applications. Journal of materials chemistry. publ. by The Royal Society of Chemistry. A, Materials for energy and sustainability /, 7(14), 8030-8049. https://doi.org/10.1039/c8ta09750j
DOI https://doi.org/10.1039/c8ta09750j
Keywords Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment; General Materials Science; General Chemistry; Food science; building materials; catalysis
Publisher URL https://pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleLanding/2019/TA/C8TA09750J