The German Empire founded in 1871 possessed the fourth largest colonial empire in the period of high imperialism. Although Germany was a colonial power only between 1884 and 1919, Germans were engaged in colonial projects both before and after this period, which in turn had political, social, and cultural repercussions in Germany and its former colonies. For Germany, however, overseas possessions only ever formed part of a wider imperial imagination, which also encompassed Eastern Europe.
Biskup, T., & Kohlrausch, M. (2016). Germany 2: Colonial Empire. In J. M. Mackenzie, N. R. Dalziel, N. Doumanis, & M. W. Charney (Eds.), The Encyclopedia of Empire. Wiley Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118455074