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Poor glycaemic control and its metabolic and demographic risk factors in a Malaysian community-based study

Reidpath, Daniel D.; Soyiri, Ireneous; Jahan, Nowrozy K.; Mohan, Devi; Ahmad, Badariah; Ahmad, Mohtar Pungut; Kassim, Zaid Bin; Allotey, Pascale


Daniel D. Reidpath

Nowrozy K. Jahan

Devi Mohan

Badariah Ahmad

Mohtar Pungut Ahmad

Zaid Bin Kassim

Pascale Allotey


The lack of population-based evidence on the risk factors for poor glycaemic control in diabetics, particularly in resource-poor settings, is a challenge for the prevention of long-term complications. This study aimed to identify the metabolic and demographic risk factors for poor glycaemic control among diabetics in a rural community in Malaysia.

A total of 1844 (780 males and 1064 females) known diabetics aged ≥ 35 years were identified from the South East Asia Community Observatory (SEACO) health and demographic surveillance site database.

41.3% of the sample had poor glycaemic control. Poor glycaemic control was associated with age and ethnicity, with older participants (65+) better controlled than younger adults (45–54), and Malaysian Indians most poorly controlled, followed by Malay and then Chinese participants. Metabolic risk factors were also highly associated with poor glycaemic control.

There is a critical need for evidence for a better understanding of the mechanisms of the associations between risk factors and glycaemic control.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2018-03
Journal International Journal of Public Health
Print ISSN 1661-8556
Electronic ISSN 1661-8564
Publisher Springer Verlag
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 63
Issue 2
Pages 193-202
APA6 Citation Reidpath, D. D., Soyiri, I., Jahan, N. K., Mohan, D., Ahmad, B., Ahmad, M. P., …Allotey, P. (2018). Poor glycaemic control and its metabolic and demographic risk factors in a Malaysian community-based study. International Journal of Public Health, 63(2), 193-202.
Keywords Glycaemic control; Health and demographic surveillance site; Metabolic risk factors; Ethnicity; Ecological factors
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