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Public health significance of viral contamination of drinking water

Dongdem, Julius Tieroyaare; Soyiri, Ireneous; Ocloo, Augustine

Authors

Julius Tieroyaare Dongdem

Augustine Ocloo



Abstract

Water-borne enteric viruses pose a threat to both human and animal life causing a wide range of illnesses. Groundwater is the commonest transmission route for these viruses. About 50% of groundwater related disease outbreaks are attributable to viruses. Recent studies in developed countries have focused on public water systems, unfortunately, without much attention to private household wells and storage facilities. This paper reviews disease outbreaks attributed to water-borne viruses, the public health significance of enteric viral diseases and problems encountered in the development of diagnostic assays. The objective of this review is to confer the rationale for more research to provide reliable baseline information on the significance of water-borne viruses in the developing world. Since the virological quality of drinking water can no longer be compromised, rapid and sensitive methods for detecting enteric viruses in drinking water, recreational water and their sources is a necessity. As a preventive measure, ground, surface and treated drinking water must be protected from viral contamination. Enforcement of legislative measures for regular viral monitoring of drinking water in the industry will ensure safety of consumers.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2009-12
Journal African Journal of Microbiology Research
Print ISSN 1996-0808
Publisher Academic Journals
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 3
Issue 12
Article Number 9896ABF14944
Pages 856-861
Series ISSN 1996-0808
APA6 Citation Dongdem, J. T., Soyiri, I., & Ocloo, A. (2009). Public health significance of viral contamination of drinking water. African Journal of Microbiology Research, 3(12), 856-861
Keywords Enteric; Viruses; Diseases; Outbreak; Public; Health, Significance; Diarrhoea
Publisher URL https://academicjournals.org/journal/AJMR/article-abstract/9896ABF14944
Additional Information Copyright © 2019 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright © 2019 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.





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