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Insights into the morphology of symbiotic shrimp eyes (Crustacea, Decapoda, Palaemonidae); the effects of habitat demands

Dobson, Nicola C.; Johnson, Magnus L.; De Grave, Sammy

Authors

Nicola C. Dobson

Sammy De Grave

Abstract

Morphometric differences in the optical morphology of symbiotic palaemonid shrimps can be observed among species symbiotic with different host organisms. Discriminant functional analysis revealed three distinct groups within the species examined. Of these, bivalve symbionts appear to have an eye design that is solely unique to this host-symbiont grouping, a design that spans across multiple genera of phylogenetically unrelated animals. Although some taxonomic effects may be evident, this does not explain the difference and similarities in eye morphology that are seen within these shrimps. Therefore evolutionary pressures from their host environments are having an impact on the optical morphology of their eyes however, as indicated by host-hopping events there ecological adaptations occur post host invasion.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Apr 25, 2016
Journal PeerJ
Publisher PeerJ
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 4
Article Number e1926
Institution Citation Dobson, N. C., Johnson, M. L., & De Grave, S. (2016). Insights into the morphology of symbiotic shrimp eyes (Crustacea, Decapoda, Palaemonidae); the effects of habitat demands. PeerJ, 4, https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.1926
DOI https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.1926
Keywords Compound eyes; Crustaceans; Palaemonidae; Pontoniinae; Symbiotic interactions; Vision; Eye morphology
Publisher URL https://peerj.com/articles/1926/

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Copyright Statement
© 2016 Dobson et al.
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This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, reproduction and adaptation in any medium and for any purpose provided that it is properly attributed. For attribution, the original author(s), title, publication source (PeerJ) and either DOI or URL of the article must be cited.



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