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Integrating the internal and external training loads in soccer

Akubat, Ibrahim; Barrett, Steve; Abt, Grant


Ibrahim Akubat

Steve Barrett


This study aimed to assess the relationships of fitness in soccer players with a novel integration of internal and external training load (TL).

Ten amateur soccer players performed a lactate threshold (LT) test followed by a soccer simulation (Ball-Sport Endurance and Sprint Test [BEAST90mod]).

The results from the LT test were used to determine velocity at lactate threshold (vLT), velocity at onset of blood lactate accumulation (vOBLA), maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), and the heart rate–blood lactate profile for calculation of internal TL (individualized training impulse, or iTRIMP). The total distance (TD) and high intensity distance (HID) covered during the BEAST90mod were measured using GPS technology that allowed measurement of performance and external TL. The internal TL was divided by the external TL to form TD:iTRIMP and HID:iTRIMP ratios. Correlation analyses assessed the relationships between fitness measures and the ratios to performance in the BEAST90mod.

vLT, vOBLA, and VO2max showed no significant relationship to TD or HID. HID:iTRIMP significantly correlated with vOBLA (r = .65, P = .04; large), and TD:iTRIMP showed a significant correlation with vLT (r = .69, P = .03; large).

The results suggest that the integrated use of ratios may help in the assessment of fitness, as performance alone showed no significant relationships with fitness.


Akubat, I., Barrett, S., & Abt, G. (2014). Integrating the internal and external training loads in soccer. International journal of sports physiology and performance : IJSPP, 9(3), 457-462.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 1, 2013
Publication Date 2014-05
Deposit Date Jun 19, 2019
Journal International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Print ISSN 1555-0265
Electronic ISSN 1555-0273
Publisher Human Kinetics
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 9
Issue 3
Pages 457-462
Keywords TRIMP; Training impulse; Heart rate; GPS; Blood lactate
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