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A self-aligning prosthetic device for older patients with vascular-related amputations: Protocol for a randomised feasibility study (the STEPFORWARD study)

Mitchell, Natasha; Coleman, Elizabeth; Watson, Judith; Bell, Kerry; McDaid, Catriona; Barnett, Cleveland; Twiste, Martin; Jepson, Fergus; Salawu, Abayomi; Harrison, Dennis; Vanicek, Natalie

Authors

Natasha Mitchell

Elizabeth Coleman

Judith Watson

Kerry Bell

Catriona McDaid

Cleveland Barnett

Martin Twiste

Fergus Jepson

Abayomi Salawu

Dennis Harrison



Abstract

Introduction
The majority of older patients with a transtibial amputation are prescribed a standard (more rigid, not self-aligning) prosthesis. These are mostly suitable for level walking, and cannot adjust to different sloped surfaces. This makes walking more difficult and less energy efficient, possibly leading to longer term disuse. A Cochrane Review concluded there was insufficient evidence to recommend any individual type of prosthetic ankle-foot mechanism. This trial will establish the feasibility of conducting a large scale trial to assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a self-aligning prosthesis for older patients with vascular-related amputations and other health issues, compared to a standard prosthesis.

Methods and analysis
This feasibility trial is a pragmatic, parallel group, randomised controlled trial (RCT) comparing standard treatment with a more rigid prosthesis versus a self-aligning prosthesis. The target sample size is 90 patients, who are aged 50 and over, and have a transtibial amputation, where amputation aetiology is mostly vascular-related or non-traumatic. Feasibility will be measured by: consent and retention rates, a plausible future sample size over a 24-month recruitment period, and completeness of outcome measures. Qualitative interviews will be carried out with trial participants to explore issues around study processes and acceptability of the intervention. Focus groups with staff at prosthetics centres will explore barriers to successful delivery of the trial. Findings from the qualitative work will be integrated with the feasibility trial outcomes in order to inform the design of a full-scale RCT.

Ethics and dissemination
Ethical approval was granted by Yorkshire & the Humber - Leeds West Research Ethics Committee on 4 May 2018. The findings will be disseminated via peer-reviewed research publications, articles in relevant newsletters, presentations at relevant conferences and the patient advisory group.

Citation

Mitchell, N., Coleman, E., Watson, J., Bell, K., McDaid, C., Barnett, C., …Vanicek, N. (in press). A self-aligning prosthetic device for older patients with vascular-related amputations: Protocol for a randomised feasibility study (the STEPFORWARD study). BMJ open, 9(9), https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-032924

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 18, 2019
Deposit Date Aug 6, 2019
Publicly Available Date Oct 28, 2019
Print ISSN 2044-6055
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 9
Issue 9
DOI https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-032924
Keywords Randomised controlled trial; Feasability; Amputation; Prosthesis; Acceptability; Vascular
Public URL https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/2312514