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Scotland as a case study for how benefits of marine ecosystem services may contribute to the commercial fishing industry

Brooker, Esther; Devenport, Emilie; Hopkins, Charlotte Rachael; Hennige, Sebastian; Roberts, J. Murray; Duncan, Calum

Authors

Esther Brooker

Emilie Devenport

Sebastian Hennige

J. Murray Roberts

Calum Duncan



Abstract

In July 2015, Scotland became one of the first countries to sign up to the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which, unlike their forerunner the Millennium Development Goals, are not restricted to developing nations. Their respective targets should drive policy decisions for Scottish fisheries, in keeping with the universal intent of the new goals. This paper explores the relevance of SDG 14 to the Scottish fishing industry, noting that there are a number of linkages with other goals and targets that should be considered within management frameworks. Scottish fishing has a long history, but the size of the inshore fleet has seen decline in recent decades, particularly of small-scale fishers in rural communities. Available literature was reviewed and a survey of active Scottish fishers conducted to explore the current availability and equality of distribution of benefits from ecosystem services to Scottish fisheries, and the factors that affect them. The findings suggest that benefits may not currently be equally distributed across Scottish fisheries; this is largely sector dependent and driven by market forces, but also relates to gaps in current management and monitoring systems. Furthermore, the potential benefits to fisheries of marine protected areas (MPAs) established for conservation purposes are not adequately assessed as part of their design, which may result in less support from fisheries stakeholders and reduce the benefit to ecosystem services. It concludes with some recommendations for consideration by decision-makers to improve how fishing businesses and communities could benefit more from ecosystem services whilst operating within environmental limits.

Citation

Brooker, E., Devenport, E., Hopkins, C. R., Hennige, S., Roberts, J. M., & Duncan, C. (2018). Scotland as a case study for how benefits of marine ecosystem services may contribute to the commercial fishing industry. Marine Policy, 93, 271-283. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2017.06.009

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jun 3, 2017
Online Publication Date Jun 16, 2017
Publication Date 2018-07
Deposit Date Aug 20, 2019
Publicly Available Date Aug 29, 2019
Journal Marine Policy
Print ISSN 0308-597x
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 93
Pages 271-283
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2017.06.009
Keywords Ecosystem services; Fisheries; Scotland; Poverty alleviation; Sustainable development goals; Marine protected areas
Public URL https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/2484919
Publisher URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308597X16305619?via%3Dihub

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