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The s process in rotating low-mass AGB stars: Nucleosynthesis calculations in models matching asteroseismic constraints

Den Hartogh, J. W.; Hirschi, R.; Lugaro, M.; Doherty, C. L.; Battino, U.; Herwig, F.; Pignatari, M.; Eggenberger, P.


J. W. Den Hartogh

R. Hirschi

M. Lugaro

C. L. Doherty

U. Battino

F. Herwig

M. Pignatari

P. Eggenberger


Aims. We investigate the s-process during the AGB phase of stellar models whose cores are enforced to rotate at rates consistent with asteroseismology observations of their progenitors and successors. Methods. We calculated new 2 M⊙ , Z  =  0.01 models, rotating at 0, 125, and 250 km s-1 at the start of main sequence. An artificial, additional viscosity was added to enhance the transport of angular momentum in order to reduce the core rotation rates to be in agreement with asteroseismology observations. We compared rotation rates of our models with observed rotation rates during the MS up to the end of core He burning, and the white dwarf phase. Results. We present nucleosynthesis calculations for these rotating AGB models that were enforced to match the asteroseismic constraints on rotation rates of MS, RGB, He-burning, and WD stars. In particular, we calculated one model that matches the upper limit of observed rotation rates of core He-burning stars and we also included a model that rotates one order of magnitude faster than the upper limit of the observations. The s-process production in both of these models is comparable to that of non-rotating models. Conclusions. Slowing down the core rotation rate in stars to match the above mentioned asteroseismic constraints reduces the rotationally induced mixing processes to the point that they have no effect on the s-process nucleosynthesis. This result is independent of the initial rotation rate of the stellar evolution model. However, there are uncertainties remaining in the treatment of rotation in stellar evolution, which need to be reduced in order to confirm our conclusions, including the physical nature of our approach to reduce the core rotation rates of our models, and magnetic processes.


Den Hartogh, J. W., Hirschi, R., Lugaro, M., Doherty, C. L., Battino, U., Herwig, F., …Eggenberger, P. (2019). The s process in rotating low-mass AGB stars: Nucleosynthesis calculations in models matching asteroseismic constraints. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 629, Article A123.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 20, 2019
Online Publication Date Sep 16, 2019
Publication Date 2019-09
Deposit Date Aug 28, 2019
Publicly Available Date Aug 28, 2019
Journal Astronomy and Astrophysics
Print ISSN 0004-6361
Electronic ISSN 1432-0746
Publisher EDP Sciences
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 629
Article Number A123
Keywords Stars: rotation; Stars: evolution; Stars: AGB and post-AGB
Public URL


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