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The Nucleosynthetic Yields of Core-collapse Supernovae: Prospects for the Next Generation of Gamma-Ray Astronomy

Andrews, S.; Fryer, C.; Even, W.; Jones, S.; Pignatari, M.


S. Andrews

C. Fryer

W. Even

S. Jones

M. Pignatari


Though the neutrino-driven convection model for the core-collapse explosion mechanism has received strong support in recent years, there are still many uncertainties in the explosion parameters—such as explosion energy, remnant mass, and end-of-life stellar abundances as initial conditions. Using a broad set of spherically symmetric core-collapse simulations we examine the effects of these key parameters on explosive nucleosynthesis and final explosion yields. The post-bounce temperature and density evolution of zero-age main-sequence 15, 20, and 25 solar mass progenitors are post-processed through the Nucleosynthesis Grid nuclear network to obtain detailed explosive yields. In particular, this study focuses on radio isotopes that are of particular interest to the next generation of gamma-ray astronomical observations: 43K, 47Ca, 44Sc, 47Sc, 48V, 48Cr, 51Cr, 52Mn, 59Fe, 56Co, 57Co, and 57Ni. These nuclides may be key in advancing our understanding of the inner workings of core-collapse supernovae by probing the parameters of the explosion engine. We find that the isotopes that are strong indicators of explosion energy are 43K, 47Ca, 44Sc, 47Sc, and 59Fe, those that are dependent on the progenitor structure are 48V, 51Cr, and 57Co, and those that probe neither are 48Cr, 52Mn, 57Ni, and 56Co. We discuss the prospects of observing these radionuclides in supernova remnants.


Andrews, S., Fryer, C., Even, W., Jones, S., & Pignatari, M. (2020). The Nucleosynthetic Yields of Core-collapse Supernovae: Prospects for the Next Generation of Gamma-Ray Astronomy. The Astrophysical journal, 890(1), Article 35.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 23, 2019
Online Publication Date Feb 10, 2020
Publication Date 2020
Deposit Date Feb 27, 2020
Publicly Available Date Feb 28, 2020
Journal The Astrophysical Journal
Print ISSN 0004-637X
Electronic ISSN 1538-4357
Publisher American Astronomical Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 890
Issue 1
Article Number 35
Keywords Space and Planetary Science; Astronomy and Astrophysics
Public URL


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© 2020. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

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